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## Multi-Step Word Problems Mastery

## CUBES for Problem Solving

- What label will my answer have? (This helps them narrow down exactly what they are doing with the problem, and maybe, just maybe, it helps them remember to include a label!)
- What information do I HAVE to answer the question?
- What information do I NEED to answer the question?

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## Help Your Kids Solve Multi-Step Word Problems

Here are steps to solving a multi-step problem:

Here's an example of this in practice:

Step 3: How many cookies were baked in all? 30 sugar + 20 gingerbread = 50 cookies

Answer: They baked 50 cookies for Christmas

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## Mastering Multi-Step Word Problems

## Step 1: Read and Visualize

I ask students to close their eyes and imagine the events as they take place.

Imagine a girl with some stickers. Maybe they’re all in a box. See her holding the box in her hands.

Her aunt gave her 26 more stickers.

Then Julie let her brother pick out 12 stickers to keep.

How many stickers does Julie have?

Imagine her holding the box of stickers. How many are in there now?

## Step 1 (Part 2): Act it Out

## Step 2: Write an Answer Statement First

## Step 3: Write the Full Equation

From the earlier example, students would write:

## Step 4: Chunk the Parts

In some cases, students may notice an easier way to work with the numbers and reorder the steps.

When students know all the steps, they are able to think about smarter ways to complete the task.

## Handy Tools for Multi-Step Word Problems

You can check out the Multi-Step Word Problems Zombie Pack in my TPT store.

Problem Solving Rounds for Teaching Word Problems

Guided Math Groups for Teaching Word Problems

## 1 thought on “Mastering Multi-Step Word Problems”

you did your best work on the paper work and its good for my studants thanck you

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## How to Teach Multi-Step Word Problems in Intervention Groups

## How to Teach Multi-Step Word Problems

## Where to Start Teaching Multi-Step Word Problems?

- What were you thinking when you saw this problem?
- Were there any words that you didn’t know?
- Show me how you would solve this problem.
- Why did you decide to ___?

## Don’t Assume They Know

Start at the beginning. When you plan any type of math intervention, think C-R-A .

- Concrete – Developmentally, students need to work with concrete objects to understand math concepts. This includes math manipulatives that students can touch and move. Examples include two-sided counters, counting bears, or any group of small objects the student can move.
- Representational – Once students can work with a skill at the concrete level, they are ready to represent their ideas as pictures on paper. There are many different ways that students can show their thinking with pictures on paper.
- Abstract – In this stage students solve problems with numbers and algorithms. When teaching an intervention group, be careful not to skip directly to this stage.

## A Four-Step Intervention Lesson Plan For Teaching Multi-Step Word Problems

- Step 2- Move on to multi-step word problems with small numbers so students can use their manipulatives to solve the problem. Some students will be tempted to start writing numbers, so you may need to have them put their pencils away. Students can use their manipulatives to tell you or a partner a story about what is happening in the problem. After students can tell the story with numbers verbally, have them show their thinking on paper with symbols or pictures. Point out that not all representations need to look the same. Finally, have students solve the problems with numbers. Remind students that we are training our brains how to think, so it’s important to practice each step even if you know the answer. Students should practice at this stage until they can represent a multi-step word problem with manipulatives, pictures, and numbers without support from the teacher.
- Step 3 – Now students are ready to work with multi-step word problems with larger numbers. They should be able to skip the concrete stage and move to the representational stage, but you can still get out the base 10 blocks if your students need the practice. Continue to teach students to tell a story with their pictures before they solve their problem with numbers. Since you are still focusing on the process, use multi-step word problems without regrouping and borrowing. This allows the student to focus on the process of solving problems.
- Step 4 – It’s time for the grade-level appropriate numbers so students will solve addition and subtraction problems with regrouping and borrowing. Students should still show their thinking with pictures before solving the problem. If students have trouble here but have mastered solving problems without regrouping and borrowing, it’s time to move to intervention with regrouping and borrowing outside of practicing word problems.

## Steps to Solve Multi-Step Word Problems:

- Read the problem and get the gist.
- Reread the problem and underline important information. (Note: Do not teach keywords.)
- Show your thinking with manipulatives. (In steps 1 and 2 above.)
- Show your thinking with pictures.
- Solve your problem with numbers.

## Need more resources for teaching Word Problems? Check out these articles:

Strategies For Solving Word Problems by The Teacher Next Door

14 Effective Ways to Help Your Students Conquer Math Word Problems by Jill Staake

How to Help Students Who Struggle With Word Problems by Room to Discover

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Are your students struggling with solving multi-step word problems? This simple process breaks down the solving complicated problems into 3 easy steps!

Over the years, I've come up with a few different ideas, anchor charts, and activities for helping students master solving multi-step word

Step 1: Circle and underline. Circle only the necessary information and underline what ultimately needs to be figured out. Step 2: Figure out

Students will learn how to solve multi step word problems using strategies such as place value and the number line.

Solve multi-step word problems by organizing the dataIn this lesson you will learn how to solve multi-step word problems by organizing and

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A multi-step word problem requires students to solve a portion of the problem, and then use the answer to solve another equation within the

Mastering Multi-Step Word Problems · Step 1: Read and Visualize · Step 1 (Part 2): Act it Out · Step 2: Write an Answer Statement First · Step 3: Write the Full

Steps to Solve Multi-Step Word Problems: · Read the problem and get the gist. · Reread the problem and underline important information. (Note: Do not teach

Solve each of the multi-step word problems on this page. Problems contain basic numbers of 20 or less. Each problem can be solved without knowledge of