Investment Banking Cover Letter
Follow our guide and download our real investment banking cover letter template for an Analyst or Associate level position
Does an investment banking cover letter matter?
At most investment banks , cover letters that accompany resumes are barely read, if read at all. Applications are typically screened according to your resume , with school and GPA as the first filter. If you went to a “name” school and have a strong GPA, then your resume and cover letter are read in more detail. To help you get through the screening process, we’ve created this guide to writing an investment banking cover letter.
Unfortunately, cover letters are often more of an opportunity to make a mistake than an opportunity to impress. Your best bet is to keep your letter short and straightforward, taking care to not say anything too daring or risky.
If you do have something unique to note, a particular value-add, then your cover letter can be a great tool for showcasing it.
How to write a cover letter for investment banking
Investment banking cover letters are fairly formulaic. The sections below give a breakdown of each of the areas of information that should be included and what information to put in each.
There are three main components to a standard investment banking cover letter:
- Experience & Fit
As we noted before, it’s a simple, straightforward (not fancy) document.
Introduction (one paragraph)
Experience & fit (two paragraphs).
Next, go on to describe whatever relevant experience you have that makes you an ideal candidate for the bank to hire. This can include work experience, university clubs/associations, certification programs, or other activities . Try to connect your experience back to investment banking skills such as financial modeling and valuation .
Explaining why you’re a good fit for the firm is very important. To demonstrate fit, you have to understand the bank’s culture (i.e., the values they talk about externally, which may be different from the actual internal work atmosphere). It’s important for the recruiter to feel confident that you’ll fit in well with the firm. Therefore, make sure you’ve done your homework and are familiar with the primary values the bank espouses in their marketing materials.
The best way for you to determine if you are a good fit with the bank is to network with people who work there and learn first-hand what the culture is like. Once you know what it’s like, you can make an honest assessment of how close a fit you actually are. In any event, whatever you’re able to glean about the company culture, try to work something into your investment banking cover letter indicating how well you’ll fit in. For example, if you determine that the company is especially focused on providing first-class customer service, you can indicate that you focus on providing the specific kind of service that each individual client wants.
Conclusion (one paragraph)
Finally, wrap things up by reiterating how keen you are to work at the bank, why you’re well-suited, and pointing out that you’ve enclosed your resume and are reachable at your contact information to discuss the opportunity. The conclusion is an almost pure formula section. No real new information should be presented there. Simply tie up everything you said in the first two sections.
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The Investment Banking Cover Letter Template You’ve Been Waiting For
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A long time ago I said that we would never post a cover letter template here :
“I was tempted to post a Word template, but I don’t want 5,000 daily visitors to copy it and to start using the same exact cover letter.”
But hey, we already have resume templates that everyone is using, so why not go a step further and give you a cover letter template as well?
Plus, “investment banking cover letter” is one of the top 10 search terms visitors use to find this site – so you must be looking for a template.
The Template & Tutorial
Let’s jump right in:
Investment Banking Cover Letter Template [Download]
Download Template – Word
Download Template – PDF
And here’s the video that explains everything:
(For more free training and financial modeling videos, subscribe to our YouTube channel .)
And if you’d rather read, here’s the text version:
Do Cover Letters Actually Matter?
At bulge bracket banks, people barely read cover letters.
Cover letters matter 10x less than resumes and 100x less than networking.
But there are a few special cases where they’re more important:
- Boutiques and Local Banks – Sometimes they actually read cover letters.
- Unusual Backgrounds – If you’re NOT in university or business school at the moment, you may need to explain yourself in more detail.
- Outside the US – In Europe, for example, some banks pay more attention to cover letters, online applications, and so on.
Similar to grades and test scores, a great cover letter won’t set you apart but a poor one will hurt you – so let’s find out how to avoid that.
Keep your cover letter compact and avoid 0.1″ margins and size 8 font.
With resumes you can get away with shrinking the font sizes and margins if you really need to fit in extra information, but this is questionable with cover letters.
Go for 0.75″ or 1″ margins and at least size 10 font.
With resumes there were a couple different templates depending on your level – but with cover letters that’s not necessary and you can use the same template no matter your background.
1 Page Only
Ok, maybe they do things differently in Australia (just like with resumes) but aside from that there is no reason to write a multi-page cover letter.
If you actually have enough experience to warrant multiple pages, do it on your resume instead and keep the cover letter brief.
List your own information – name, address, phone number, and email address – right-aligned up at the top.
Then, below that you list the date and the name and contact information for the person you’re writing to, left-aligned on the page.
If you don’t have this information you can just list the company name and address and use a “Dear Sir or Madam” greeting.
That’s not ideal – especially if you’re applying to smaller firms where cover letters actually get read – but it’s all you can do if you can’t find a person’s name.
If you’re sending the cover letter via email as the body of the email, you can omit all this information and just include the greeting at the top.
Paragraph 1: Introduction
This is where you explain who you are, where you’re currently working or studying, and how you found the bank that you’re applying to.
Name-drop as much as possible:
- Impressive-sounding university or business school ? Mention it. Even if it’s not well-known, you still need to mention it here.
- Your company name , especially if it’s recognizable, and the group you’re working in, especially if it’s something relevant to finance like business development.
- How you found them – specific peoples’ names , specific presentations or information sessions where you met them, and so on.
- The position you’re applying for (Analyst? Associate?) – especially for smaller places that are not well-organized.
This first paragraph is all about grabbing their attention.
Example 1st Paragraph:
“My name is John Smith and I am currently a 3rd year economics major at UCLA. I recently met Fred Jackson from the M&A group at Goldman Stanley during a presentation at our school last week, and was impressed with what I learned of your culture and recent deal flow. I am interested in pursuing an investment banking summer analyst position at your firm, and have enclosed my resume and background information below.”
Paragraph 2: Your Background
You go through your most relevant experience and how the skills you gained will make you a good banker right here.
Do not list all 12 internships or all 5 full-time jobs you’ve had – focus on the most relevant 1-2, once again name-dropping where appropriate (bulge bracket banks / large PE firms / Fortune 500 companies).
Highlight the usual skills that bankers want to see – teamwork, leadership, analytical ability, financial modeling and so on.
If you worked on a high-impact project / deal / client, you can point that out and list the results as well.
This may be your longest paragraph, but you still don’t want to write War and Peace – keep it to 3-4 sentences.
Example 2nd Paragraph:
“I have previously completed internships in accounting at PricewaterhouseCoopers and in wealth management at UBS. Through this experience working directly with clients, analyzing financial statements, and making investment recommendations, I have developed leadership and analytical skills and honed my knowledge of accounting and finance. I also had the opportunity to work with a $20M net-worth client at UBS and completely revamped his portfolio, resulting in a 20% return last year.”
Paragraph 3: Why You’re a Good Fit
Now you turn around and link your experience and skills to the position more directly and explain that leadership + quantitative skills + accounting/finance knowledge = success.
There is not much to this part – just copy the template and fill in the blanks.
Example 3rd Paragraph:
“Given my background in accounting and wealth management and my leadership and analytical skills, I am a particularly good fit for the investment banking summer analyst position at your firm. I am impressed by your track record of clients and transactions at Goldman Stanley and the significant responsibilities given to analysts, and I look forward to joining and contributing to your firm.”
Paragraph 4: Conclusion
This part’s even easier: remind them that your resume is enclosed (or attached if sent via email), thank them for their time, and give your contact information once again so they don’t have to scroll to the top to get it.
Example 4th Paragraph:
“A copy of my resume is enclosed for your reference. I would welcome an opportunity to discuss my qualifications with you and learn more about Goldman Stanley at your earliest convenience. I can be reached at 310-555-1234 or via email at [email protected] Thank you very much for your time and consideration.”
These examples cover how to apply to a bank if you’re in university, business school, or you’ve been working for several years.
If you have a more unusual background (e.g. you went to med school, graduated, started your residency, but then decided you wanted to be an investment banker), then you might need to add a few sentences to paragraph #2 or #3 explaining yourself.
Resist the urge to write your life story because no one will read it – interviews are a much better venue to prove how committed you are.
Email vs. Attachments
If you’re emailing your cover letter and resume, do you create a separate cover letter attachment?
Or do you make the body of your email the cover letter?
I think it’s redundant to create a separate cover letter and attach it, so don’t bother unless they ask specifically for a separate cover letter.
If you’re making the body of your email the cover letter, make it even shorter (4-5 sentences total) and cut out the address bits at the top.
Optional Cover Letters?
If you’re applying online and it says “Optional Cover Letter” should you still upload one?
You might as well because it takes 2 minutes once you have a good template – it’s not the end of the world if you don’t include one, but you never know what everyone else is doing and it’s not terribly time-consuming.
Cover Letter Mistakes
Remember the role of cover letters: great ones don’t help much, but poor ones get you dinged.
The biggest mistakes with cover letters:
- Making outrageous claims (“I’m a math genius!”) or trying to be “creative” with colors, pictures, fonts, and so on.
- Going on for too long – 10 paragraphs or multiple pages.
- Listing irrelevant information like your favorite ice cream, your favorite quotes from Wall Street or Boiler Room , and so on.
If you think this sounds ridiculous, remember the golden rule: do not overestimate the competition .
For every person reading this site, there are dozens more asking, “What it’s like to be an investment banker?” at information sessions.
Sometimes you hear stories of people who write “impassioned” cover letters, win the attention of a boutique, and get in like that …
…And I’m sure that happens, but you do not want to do that at large banks.
If you do, your cover letter will be forwarded to the entire world and your “career” will be destroyed in 5 minutes .
As with resumes, there are hardly any good examples of investment banking cover letters online.
Most of the templates are horribly formatted and are more appropriate for equities in Dallas than real investment banking.
Here’s a slightly different but also good templates you could use:
- Best Cover Letters – MBA Template
More questions? Ask away.
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Specifically, here’s what you’ll get:
- Detailed, line-by-line editing of your resume/CV – Everything that needs to be changed will be changed. No detail is ignored.
- Your experience will be “bankified” regardless of whether you’ve been a student, a researcher, a marketer, a financier, a lawyer, an accountant, or anything else.
- Optimal structuring – You’ll learn where everything from Education to Work Experience to Activities should go. Regional badminton champion? Stamp collector? You’ll find out where those should go, too.
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About the Author
Brian DeChesare is the Founder of Mergers & Inquisitions and Breaking Into Wall Street . In his spare time, he enjoys memorizing obscure Excel functions, editing resumes, obsessing over TV shows, traveling like a drug dealer, and defeating Sauron.
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279 thoughts on “ The Investment Banking Cover Letter Template You’ve Been Waiting For ”
I love how hand downs and direct this page is. Trying to break into IB come from a (semi-)target school but very bad GPA, love how you are always motivating, but realistic. Keep it up!
I am a sophomore and have a low gpa (2.5) should I include this on my cover letter? how do I stand out and not get dinged, low gpa because had to work full time freshman year because my dad lost his job, and my family had health issues. Am an only child.
All you can really do about a low GPA is network extensively so that people who know you can recommend you, and so you can avoid being filtered out by screening tools. See: https://mergersandinquisitions.com/low-gpa-investment-banking/
Maybe include a brief mention of why your GPA is lower in your cover letter, but focus on how you’ve improved since your first year (mention the higher GPA since then).
Thanks for the write up!
If i am writing my cover letter in the body of the email, Do i write the name of the recipient instead of dear Madam ?
I like it not bad
Hey Brian – thanks for this article. Quick question: is there a certain point in your career (in my case, I’m an associate) when you can stop with the cover letters even if they give you the option?
Cover letters are pretty much always optional unless they ask for one.
I was wondering for your template, you gave a solid and formal introduction. I also see other career advice sites that recommend making the cover letter “memorable” and straying away from the cookie cutter method with more flashy intros. As an example just from another online source: When I was seven, I wanted to be the GEICO gecko when I grew up. I eventually realized that wasn’t an option, but you can imagine my excitement when I came across the events manager position, which would have me working side by side with my favorite company mascot. So what’s your opinion on this? I’m sure it’s different for every field, so would you say the average investment banker appreciates something like this, or would it just make them roll their eyes and make you seem too keen/tryhard.
Same Andrew again…
Sorry I should’ve watched your video fully before asking. But you mentioned to not get too fancy with fonts, photos, etc. But would the bit of personal information outside the cookie cutter approach separate you in the slightest? To me, cover letters sound like they have the same purpose as GPA. A 4.0 (good but generic cover letter) won’t give you any advantages, but a 2.5 (poorly done letter) will eliminate you from the application process.
Yes, cover letters are basically used to weed out people, not to select them. You can include some personal information such as an interesting student group, study abroad, or experience that led you to IB, but don’t go overboard with trying to appear “interesting.” Save that for actual networking and interviews.
If you are applying to traditional “high finance” roles such as investment banking, private equity, etc., you should not do anything creative with your cover letter. It will only backfire. Firms either do not read cover letters, or if they do, they simply look at them to make sure you didn’t do something silly or inappropriate. You’re taking a very big risk by writing a “creative” cover letter, and one that has very little upside with tons of downside.
For online applications that request your resume, but do not specify whether a cover letter should be included, should I submit a cover letter? Also since you can only submit one document in these cases, should you compile resume and cover letter into one document?
Thanks so much.
If they just request your resume, just include your resume. I would not even bother with a cover letter or combining them into one document.
Do we have to leave
At the bottom of the Cover Letter? Many thanks
*In Online Application where they ask you to attach your CV and Cover Letter – if that makes any difference
Brina, many thanks for the quick answer. Just a last question:
Shall we sign between sincerely and our name or under our name?Both options are good?
The first one is slightly better.
I just wanted to thank you for not only this Cover Letter template but also your Resume template. I have used both and I have received great feedback from interviewers and getting my foot in the door for asset management.
Thanks! Glad to hear it. Good luck!
This question targets the paragraph listing relevant experiences & skills gained through it.
As a University Student with some corporate finance and consulting experience but nothing directly related to investment banking, do you think it would be relevant to list explain skills gained during university classes (e.g. a term project that simulated the entire M&A process based on a real life deal) that involved valuation, simulated investor calls, etc. Or do you believe sticking to actual work experience would be best suited.
Thanks a lot for all the content you post.
Stick to your work experience if you have actual CF and consulting internships. Maybe add a line or brief phrase within a line that mentions your learnings from university classes as well.
I live in the UK and I’ve been told cover letters carry a lot of weighting in the initial application process. I have written a cover letter which is 8 paragraphs but it’s still 1 page. Do you think this would be ok or should I take some stuff out? Thanks in advance, great website you have.
By the way, it’s still size 10 font but I had to reduce the line spacing between the paragraphs to fit it all in.
Cover letters only matter in the “negative” sense, i.e. if you write something stupid or have typos, you could lose an offer or interview opportunity. Your cover letter should be as short as possible, so 8 paragraphs is too long, especially if you had to reduce the font size to 10, which is too small. So, be more concise and realize that bankers glance at hundreds/thousands of these letters each recruiting season…
How do one relate a tax internship experience which I acquired In an accounting consulting firm to an investment banking internship I hope to start with with BofA
Talk about how your tax findings/work affected the big picture… did they potentially change the company’s valuation? What was the impact on the company’s financial statements? Did anything you did result in changes to the internal controls at the company? Did you do any tax work related to M&A or equity/debt deals?
Hi Brian, I have read that the header of a cover letter should match your resume. Is there a reason the header from the M&I resume template was not included in this cover letter template?
??? I think it would be very odd if your cover letter started with your name in a bigger font size at the top… so, no if that is what you are asking about. A cover letter should start with the normal heading of a letter. Your resume is different because it’s intended to present the key points in bullet/highlight format.
I agree. Thanks.
I’m applying online to banks in the EMEA area and most banks ask for my motivation – they don’t require a cover letter. Could I still use this template? or wouldn’t it make any sense to use this template?
If its the case that this template would not be useful, do you have any tips on what to focus on in such a motivation letter?
I think this template is too long for a simple question about your motivation. Your motivation should basically be the last part of your “story” – assuming 150 words for a competency question and a 300-word story. See:
How do you travel like a dug dealer? haha…You are funny. Great info. Thanks a lot. I’m trying to break the front door at Piper Jaffray so I can put my little two feet inside that door.
hey, i am actually studying law in France but i wanted to go on trading/investment banking/hedge fund area. What would you suggest me ? Which arguments should I point out ?
Thanks a lot !
??? I’m not sure I understand your question.
The links for Workbloom – Investment Banking Intern Template and Vanderbilt – Cover Letter Template are not valid anymore. Is it possible to fix that? Thank you very much!
We don’t have alternate links, sorry. But the template there wasn’t much different anyway.
Hi Brian, I had a question in mind. I have been working with a Big four Audit firm in India for the past 10 months now, and have a Bachelors in Commerce degree from a non-target University here. The role here is Back-end, as in we do not have client interaction, and rather coordinate with the US/EMEA teams – which deal with the clients directly – for the work. Recently, I got a call from GS for an Analyst position under the Data Resource Group for its IB Division in India. How do you suggest I pitch my auditing experience to get an offer for this position? Also, considering the work I do here is back-end and basically, formatting files around and punching in numbers! Thanks in advance for your help!
I would just point out how your audit work led directly to results with clients and how you were a part of the client-interaction process, even if you didn’t speak with them directly. As a result, you have a good understanding of what they’re looking for and how to get them results most efficiently.
Thanks for the template. Is it correct to include in the cover letter an entreprise which I am auditing or not?
Sure, you could, but you have to be able to tie that to whatever role(s) you’re applying for.
Hi there, thanks for the cover letter template you provided. It’s a great help. Just wondering does the same template work for UK application? As you mentioned they tend to pay attention to cover letters.
Yes this template works for UK applications.
Thank you for sharing your blog, it helped a lot cos I am also having a hard time in writing a cover letter and I suck! Hope you can help more. Keep it up!
Thank you for sharing the template and guide! I am a recent college grad and just started working in an economic consulting firm (last month). I want to make the career transfer to IB and I am trying my best networking everywhere. I am applying for an IB analyst position and editing my cover letter. Should I still mention in the cover letter my leadership roles in college or it does not matter much?
You can mention them briefly, but you should focus on your current role.
Thanks for the template! After working as an ER associate for 2 years in my hometown, I am moving from North America to Europe in the next few weeks. Should I mention in my cover letter something to the effect of “After visiting [country] several times over the past few years, I applied for and received my Work Visa” or will the recruiter assume I have a visa and do not require sponsorship? I just do not want to be passed over if they are assuming I will be a headache for them!
Furthermore, I am also hoping to move from ER to corporate. Besides tailoring the letter to reflect skills mentioned in the posting, are there any other changes that need to be made when moving out of capmarkets?
Thank you for your time!
Sure you can include this. Yes, I’d talk about why you want to move from ER to corporate and talk about why you prefer corporate over ER (perhaps you prefer the type of work in corporate better and you see yourself in a corporate vs. in a bank) and you want to move over to XX industry [the industry the corporate you’re applying for is in] given XX reason [ideally you’ve covered that industry in ER before]
Thank you Nicole. Should I be putting this explanation in paragraph 2? Or later on in the letter?
I’d probably list this later in the letter.
Hi, I’m studying in the US and applying to summer IBD internship in 3 different locations (New York, London, HK), so who should I address to in my cover letter since there is only one cover letter for three different recruiters? Thanks!
I’d say Dear Sir/Madam or To Whom It May Concern
when you express abbreviations, let’s say M&A, how do you put it in a cover letter? i.e., (“M&A”) or (M&A) without punctuations mark?
M&A is fine I believe
Hi! You mentioned that putting the name of the recruiter is always better than just a “Dear Sir/Madam”. When applying in London, do you think it is appropriate to address the cover letter to a recruiter I haven’t personally met that I just found his name via an internet search, specifically from Linkedin. Also, there are dozens recruiters for the same company on Linkedin, should I still address the letter to a specific person? What about if it is the director of HR? Should I address it to him/her directly?
Yes, I’d address the email to Director of HR. If you don’t know the person’s name, I’d say “To Whom It May Concern” or “Dear Sir/Madam”
Hey, I have a question concerning applying for an internship at G&S in Europe. Instead of a cover letter they want you to submit a motivational statement with 300 words when applying, which is according to them similar to the cover letter. But I am a bit unsure that I express my motivation for applying for an investment banking postion with this cover letter because it focuses more on previous internships. Should I outline my internships and then explain that I want to pursue an career in IB because of them? and should I mention my extra curriculare activities which involve leadership experience and exotic interests?
I’d briefly touch on your previous experience and focus on why IB, and why GS. If the previous experience can serve as your IB spark, use them. So yes you can mention that you want to pursue a career in IB because of your previous internships, but don’t dive too deep given word limit and you can address that in interviews. No, the latter part should be demonstrated on your resume, unless you have space in the statement
What should you do in [Signature]?
I’m not sure I understand your question. I’d just insert your signature there.
Upload an image of your handwritten signature?
Yes you can do that. Copy and paste it below “Yours sincerely/Best Regards”
I resigned from my previous role in April this year as we were planning a family move to another country However, it did not materialize due to some unexpected changes and I have to start looking for a job again. This has left an employment gap of about 3 months in my resume. During this period, I have taken the BIWS course to enhance my knowledge. Shall I mention my current status and address that in my cover letter? or leave it out and talk about it when asked during interview?
Xavier, you can list that on your resume and cover letter. You may also want to talk about other activities you’ve done during those 3 months.
I am a first year associate working at a boutique bank on the trading floor and trying to switch into equity research/banking side. How is the cover letter different from the cover letter template above. Do I need to specifically state why I am switching?
Yes you need to address why you’re switching
Do you have any suggestions as to how I can gracefully address this? The reason why I am switching is because I don’t feel like I am learning much out of my positions – not being given much responsibilities, etc…
I’d focus on the positives on why you prefer the other division versus your current one; not what you’re lacking.
Hi, I am wondering when introducing my skill sets and experience in the second paragraph of the cover letter, is it appropriate to use bullet points? e.g. my key skills/experience include: bullet point: A bullet point: B
Yes you can do that, though a lot of times we find that its best to follow our template, unless you’re a very experienced candidate
I worked at a boutique investment bank for an internship and I was wondering how I may explain my low gpa on my cover letter. I would focus on my strengths and what I learned from the position but sooner or later the question of gpa will be addressed either during an interview or sent through email. How would I approach this?
This may come up in interviews and I’d address it then. I am not sure why you had a low GPA. If you had family/personal reasons you can list that. Otherwise if you were taking more advanced courses because you were too ambitious and got a lower GPA as a result of that you can list that too.
I’m applying to various finance and IB positions and my documents will be seen as a package sent through my school. I created my resume in a very similar format to the template on your website, only using .5″ margins. I have the same header layout (with name and personal info) on both my resume and cover letter. My question is regarding holding these .5″ margins on both of my documents to keep a consistent look. I’m just curious as to whether this would be a good or bad idea, or as to whether you think it would even matter.
I haven’t seen the format of your resume so I am not 100% sure. 0.5 margins maybe a bit crowded but depending on your content it can be doable. If you have lots of solid content, yes this is applicable. Otherwise, I’d shorten your content and go for the standard margins
Hey, this template isn’t just for investment banking right, it can be used for targeting internships in accounting as well? Same with the resume template?
If you change the paragraph from why IB to why accounting, you can use this template. The resume template is tailored to IB though you can use it for Accounting roles too
I graduated from a top school 1.5 years ago, but unfortunately ended up at a not so impressive bank. What’s the best way to name drop the school in the cover letter? Thanks.
First paragraph – you can just say that you are working at XX bank and have recently graduated from XX school
I am applying to three different divisions in the same investment bank that are different in nature (2 back office and one front) and there is only one cover letter for all three that asks you to describe your motivation for each. Since they are different positions, how do I go about this?
I’d be generic and focus on why finance and how you can make an impact to the firm
How about adding the recommendations from the previous job? Is it worth? Should we add it even if they do not menton about that?
You can provide recommendations upon request
Hi, I am wondering whether I need to include a signature in my cover letter for online application. If so, should I just insert it in the pdf document or scan a paper copy of the cover letter? Thanks!
Yes you can include it. Both works.
Just a follow-up question: I am applying for summer analyst position at CS, and they only allow one application per applicant. Should I use the same cover letter during campus recruiting (addressed to an alumnus) for my online application? Since I am applying to CS HK as well, I am wondering whether I should use a slightly different cover letter.
Sure I think this shouldn’t be a problem. Yes the HK one should be slightly different – i.e. why HK, why Chinese market
Dear M&I staff,
I’m a master student in Europe. I’m currently attending a Master of Science in Finance after completing a bachelor in business administration. Do you have any specific suggestion about my first paragraph? Also, if I can’t find the name of the recruiter, how can I start the letter? I was thinking about expressions such as “To whom it may concern…”; does this work?
Thanks in advance
Yes it does, or Dear Sir/Madam.
First paragraph – I’d follow the template on the post
Dear Sir or Madam,
My name is [Insert Name] and I am currently pursuing a Master of Science in Finance at [Insert University Name] where I have also been awarded a Bachelor of Science with honors. How would this sound?
Sounds good, though I’d probably just use My name is [Insert Name] and I am currently pursuing a Master of Science in Finance at [Insert University].
Hey Brian/Nicole, Thank you guys so much for this website. I spend days on it reading your articles! lol I’m just wondering when I do the name-dropping on the cover letter, is it alright to put the company names in bold? or is that too much? What do you guys think?
Thank you for your kind comment. You should credit Brian for his hard work! I don’t think its necessary to bold company names. I think its probably better to leave it “unbolded.”
i a lil older i was originally an engineering major, left school (didnt graduate), started working as a stock broker, then mortgage broker, and then more sales background. I then re entered school and graduated with a degree with finance, gpa not so high bc of past screw ups, but now looking to break into finance. I love finance, and cant figure out how to convey that in a cover letter. can you help?
Focus on the impact you’ve made in your previous roles. Then say while you’ve enjoyed and learn a lot from your previous experience, you realize [Talk about your IB spark here], and that you realize you wanted to pursue IB because [XYZ]. Then say that you’re confident that your [XX] skills can be an invaluable asset to the firm (something around those lines)
If I’m applying for a job based on an online job posting (LinkedIn / other job board), then in my 1st paragraph, ho would you address the section about how you learnt about the job / company ?
(I find it awkward to say that “I recently learnt about your company through your online ad on abc.com”)
I recently learned about your company from [a contact/an event/an online job posting] and was impressed with what I learned of [List what you’re impressed with here]
Thanks for your reply.
I’m finding it awkward to write “I learnt about your company from an online job posting” bcoz I feel it sounds like I did not know them before seeing the posting (which, in turn, sounds insulting for the company).
Instead, can I just say “I recently found out about the XYZ position at ABC Capital & want to apply for this position”?
Sure, this sounds good. No, this isn’t insulting – this is why companies post on job postings! It is best if you have already spoken to people at the company and use that as an intro. line.
please i am an undergraduate in my final year with just one internship experience and one teaching experience, that was before i gained admission. i want to know if it is appropriate to include my date of birth and list of referees; i will also like to know the maximum length of resume ideal for some one in my category. Thanks.
Please see https://mergersandinquisitions.com/free-investment-banking-resume-template/
No, I don’t think you need to include your DOB and list of referees. Maximum length of your resume would be 1 page.
Hi Brian, thanks so much for creating this awesome website.
I’m a year one student in a non-target uni in HK who’s interested in IBD. My first semester GPA wasn’t stellar because I had a hard time balancing family issues and adapting to a new country.
I’m currently applying for several pre-internship programs, and am afraid my less-than-3 GPA will cause my immediate disqualification. What can I do?
I’ve had several leadership positions in high school, am great at networking/socializing, and speak a few languages. But my first semester GPA is lackluster. Please advice, should I explain in my cover letter?
Best Regards, Sara
Yes, your GPA is likely to be alarming to interviewers. Sure, you can explain the above on your cover letter, though I would focus on your strengths and what you have achieved first. You want to draw people to your strengths. I’d also try as hard as you can to boost your GPA next semester and craft a very good explanation when you land interviews.
Hey there M&I,
Firstly, I’d just like to thank you for this template – it truly is priceless.
I’m from Melbourne, Australia and I’d like to break into Investment Banking for a long-term career.
I’m starting a Bachelor of Commerce degree at The University of Melbourne and I was thinking of double majoring in Accounting and Finance.
I feel as though this will put me in a good position for Investment Banking and will also provide me with a few alternatives should I be unable to make it to Investment Banking or decide that it’s not for me.
Sorry about the long-winded explanation, I guess what I want to know is whether or not the double major sequence I have suggested is desirable in Investment Banking or there is a better sequence you could suggest to me.
Also, what do you have to say about people getting summer internships after first year? I haven’t heard of anyone doing this before, but have you? How should I go about trying to increase my chances?
Thanks very much!
Thanks. Yes, that sequence is fine but I don’t know if it would give you an advantage. From what I understand about Australia, I believe most people who get into banking there actually have dual Commerce and Law degrees.
Summer internships after year 1: very tough. You’d have to aim for small local firms. And probably not common in Australia.
I’m applying to a Private Equity internship and I completed the BIWS fundamental and advanced modeling courses. Should I talk about this in my cover letter? Right now I just have a general statement about it and that I worked on some case studies.I was wondering whether I should go more in depth and mention a specific case? Leave it as a general statement? Or take it out completely
Yes, definitely mention the specific case studies as that makes it sound much better than just saying you completed the courses.
Document for listing them on your resume (you may be able to apply parts of this):
I took your advice and mentioned specific case studies.
One other thing, currently in the second paragraph of my cover letter I talk a lot about my internship experience, but this internship doesn’t have to do with IB, its accounting and sales for a hotel. I did spin it in away that says that I picked up skills from this internship that I can apply to IB, PE, etc. Should I focus less about this and more on the BIWS courses, and projects in school I worked on since it doesn’t directly relate?
I would probably do an even split in that case.
I found this guide and template very useful. I was wondering, though, if I were to apply online to bb investment banks that didn’t make any meeting at my university and require a cover letter, what should I write in: “I was recently introduced to your firm via [Friend / Contact at Firm / Presentation] and was impressed with what I learned of [Your Culture / Working Environment / Bank-Specific Info.].”
I know about these banks just because of their fame, so should I just skip this part?
Sure though having this line may be more convincing.
I am now applying to Société Générale M&A summer internship in Power, Utilities and Infrastructure department. I tried to find some alumni working there. I could manage to find one via linkedin; however, i cannot contact him because he sets a permission. I wonder what should i write on cover letter if i can’t find a contact in SG?
Dear Sir or Madam / [Name of Recruiter if you have it]
I feel sorry not to explain it clearly.
Quoted from the IB template: ” I was recently introduced to your firm via [Friend / Contact at Firm / Presentation] and was impressed with what I learned of [Your Culture / Working Environment / Bank-Specific Info.] ”
I searched SG career website but they mention the work environment and culture very vague. I tried to find an alumni working there; however,the alumni office hasn’t replied me yet.Even worse, SG hasn’t held any campaign event at our uni. At present moment,I can’t manage to get a contact at firm. I did search they have an aggressive expansion plan for the department 2 years ago. Should I mention this instead?
It would help if you have spoken to a contact who is working/worked there or attending one of their info sessions. Otherwise, yes it may be useful to mention of their department’s aggressive expansion plan.
Hi! What if I have not attended any presentation and I do not know nobody that work in a specific bank? Can I still apply online? I am applying to investment banks in London and I know that they recruit using the online application process.
Yes you can still apply online.
Adding to what Paolo has mentioned, what about the cover letter? Since we do not know anybody that work in that specific bank (nor attend any presentations), who do we address the cover letter to? (Or is it better not to submit one if the cover letter is optional?)
Secondly, is it alright to say that we found out about the job/vacancy by browsing through their website?
Again, thanks for your continuous kind support.
Quoting from the article:
“If you don’t have this information you can just list the company name and address and use a ‘Dear Sir or Madam” greeting.’ ”
If it’s optional, I wouldn’t even bother submitting it especially if you don’t know anyone there. Yes saying you saw it through a website is OK.
I’ve just graduated in Finance and Accounting but wasn’t able to get summer internships in my 2nd year. What else can I write in section 2+3? I’ve got work experience in wholesale, an accounting firm and an insight day at a Merrill Lynch which were just before I started uni, i.e. 2009 can I still use these in this section or would it look bad since they are old?
I’ve taken part in many trading simulation games in teams etc which show all the skills you have mentioned in the paragraph, would it be acceptable to use this as an example even though it was a simulation?
They wouldn’t look bad but not exactly current. Ideal if you have recent experiences to list. Otherwise you can list them
Yes – show the returns you generated
Thanks for the useful resources.
Last year, I hadn’t as much insight and experience with IB (I was coming from law and bearely started to study a MSc-Finance in a good school). I still got two interviews with a nice boutique and a bb. I got reject at the final round.
This year I’m applying again (I’m currently doing an off cycle M&A internship)
1. Shall I mention I applied last year, and why I like the firm so much? or shall I just make a regular cover letter and avoid to mention I applied a year ago?
2. How many interviews should I go through to secure an offer, or what is the average? I’d like to know whether I am doing something bad or just if it is because you need to go through several interviews to finally get something?
3. What would shall I do with the current market if I secure another off cycle internship or a full time M&A position in a leading law firm? (I prefer finance than law, but I m getting old and need to start working as oppose to “intern”)
Sorry for this long thread, thanks for your help.
1. you can mention it if you want though I don’t think its necessary 2. hard to say – depends on you. people generally go through more than several rounds of interviews to land an offer 3. network a lot
Last year, I hadn’t as much insight and experience in IB profiles (I am coming from law and bearely started to study a MSc-Finance in a good school). I still got two interviews with a nice boutique and a bb. I got reject at the final round.
— Shall I mention I applied last year, and why I like the firm so much
Hi, I have an upcoming interview with a bulge bracket bank in Capital Markets. I submitted my resume about 1 month ago and got selected recently. My resume was updated recently and is much much more in depth than before. Should I reach out to the recruiters and ask if I can have them replace the resume on the website with my new one? Or would this be frowned upon? Thanks!
Yes, please do that!
Thank you for your tips, they are great!I have two questions:
1. All templates I find are about experienced people. If you are a person with no experience (or with a very short experience in a different area), how can you turn this fact around and convince someone to hire you? Should you really emphasize your academic background?
2. I started a PhD but early on I realized that it was not the right fit for me. How and where should I mention this? Should I explain why? I am afraid that no one will be considering me for a job position because I am quitting the PhD…
Thank you so much!
1. There are templates for inexperienced hires – pls look for the one for undergraduates. If you have NO work experience at all, I’d suggest you to emphasize your academic background and extracurricular activities. 2. Explain this on your cover letter & interviews. No, it shouldn’t be a problem if you know how to spin your story. Most jobs don’t require a PhD these days anyway.
Hi, Thank you very much for uploading the template.
But what if I don’t have background info or experiences specific to the investment banking industry even though I have banking experience in a different field such as Loan Officer? Will that matter?
I will be considered as a fresher in that case how can I convince anybody about changing my profession to investment banker or wealth management analyst from this profession?
And can you also please help me with a sample C.V for freshers in Invest and Wealth Management.
I do have an MBA in finance.
You’ll have to figure out why IB and pitch your story well.
You can use the same template for Wealth Management – just focus on your research and investment experience
I’m planning to use this short cover letter as my email body. My question : “Should I opt for a longer version with more elaborate details?”
— Dear Sir/ Madam [or the recruiter’s name],
I would like to express my interest in a position as [position] for [company].
As you may perceive from my summary, I’ve been leveraging my consulting and technical skills from my previous career as an IT Consultant to break into the finance industry. Thus, I’m adapt at translating clients’ problems into a satisfying, concrete solution. I also possess good leadership skill and can work well with others. [ + other skills the company valued / demanded for this specific job]
I would love to expand my career with your company, and am confident that I would be a beneficial addition to your company. I have enclosed my resume and I would welcome a personal interview at your earliest convenience.
[Name and contact address] —
Any input would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
I’d keep your email short, sweet and succinct. Anything longer than that is too much.
Hello, my question is regarding the introduction —
“Paragraph 1: Introduction This is where you explain who you are, where you’re currently working or studying, and how you found the bank that you’re applying to.”
I have nearly 2 years of consulting experience, but have recently been laid off. Since I’m no longer working or studying, how would I approach this as far as introduction?
Just introduce yourself and tell interviewer you’ve been laid off due to the lackluster economy – they should understand. Tell them what you’ve been doing with your free time i.e. traveling, studying, picking up a new hobby, etc. As long as you sound like you are doing something productive/interesting with your life, you should be fine
Errors – If there are minor typos that most people don’t see at a glance, are you in the clear? I’m not sure if people read cover letters that closely especially during OCR when hundreds of people apply at the same time from one school.
It depends on whether your reviewer is attentive to details or not!
I don’t exactly have a stellar GPA, so I was wondering if the cover letter is where I would explain myself? Or is it better to just not mention it? Thanks! And love this website!
It depends why you don’t have a stellar GPA – if you have a legit reason i.e. you had sick parents you needed to take care of etc I think it would help
Thanks for the article. I just had a quick question. I was originally interested in marketing and completed two internships my freshman year undergraduate (currently a junior applying for summer analyst positions). Since then I have had several research internships. Would it be a good idea what lead my decision to go from marketing to banking in my cover letter?
Any input would be awesome. Thanks!
Yes I would explain why you changed your mind in your cover letter and point to a specific person/incident
I am studying at a “frontier market” university and am currently an exchange student at a highly ranked (Top 100) universities.
Should I use an exchange studies university in a cover letter instead of a university where I’ll be graduating and mention it accordingly (I am currently an exchange student at…)?
No, I think you should still use the university where you’ll be graduating
ha frontier market. I am putting where I am an exchange student with the frontier school I attend.
I’m applying for an internship in the US, but I’m studying in Germany. Should I mention that my University/Business School, is one of the best business schools in Germany?
Thank you for your answer!
I don’t think it makes a difference. You could try but reviewers might not necessarily care too much re that
Hi, thanks so much for this article. I am writing a cover letter to J.P. Morgan, but I cannot find the office address in HK, shall I omit it at the top?
But what if I don’t have background info or experiences specific to the investment banking industry? does that automatically rule me out as a candidate even though they specify that finance background is not necessary?
Could I simply emphasize my skills and abilities that I have gained through other experiences such as working for an NGO?
just one other quick question. At Goldman Sachs, one could apply for internship in several divisions and they have asked motivation for applying to different divisions. Would it make this impression that you yourself do not know what division is right for you when you make applications for several divisions? Thanks a lot.
With Goldman, yes. However, in a way you still need to hedge your bets because one division’s MD might like you and the other’s MD might not.
I’ve shown my CL to the Head of HR in my firm and he adviced me to write something “catching” as a title between the date and “Dear Sir or Madam,..”. So do you think it would be okay to write there: “Why I am a good fit for taking part in your spring programme”? Or does this sound too arrogant?
Thanks a lot! Jevira
This sounds generic.
Have you got another idea or just put there: Spring Programme at XYZ. :D Thanks, and sorry for the time you lose with all my questions..
Come up w something original he said right? I don’t know if the above is original. You should just ask him what his suggestions are. I’d love to help but I need to think through it and have to look at your CL; wouldn’t be fair to other customers who are paying for our CL editing service.
Thanks very much for your helps. I have a few questions and I would greatly appreciate if you could help me. I am doing a double degree master in Complex Systems Science (A multidisciplinary field), so I have studied one year at Warwick, UK and now I am studying the second year at Ecole Polytechnique, France. 1) Should I mention anywhere that I have had a multidisciplinary approach since in my field I have to interact with people with completely diverse backgrounds, from Physics and math to economics and Philosophy? 2)I have got a full scholarship from European commission for my studies. How should I mention it? 3)I think many people are not very acquainted with the structure of such joint programs between two universities in two different countries. In my CV, shall I mention it as two masters and not saying that they are in fact joint? 4)My master thesis has been about financial contagion and I do not have ant job or internship opportunity, so how should I write the second paragraph?
Thanks in advance and sorry it becomes too long. Mostafa
1. Not sure how you will be wording this one. Difficult to use this to stand out 2. Yes 3. No, put joint but you can separate the two in diff lines 4. Can’t help you on this one.
Hi, it’s me again. Does this template also apply for online applications where you have to upload the cover letter? Or can my personal adress, the banks adress and the date can be removed withous replacement?
Yes these templates apply to online apps too
No, I don’t think you should remove the details you mentioned
I’m a first year university student in the UK, and looking to apply to a spring division internship at Goldman Sachs (and probably many others in the near future).
I have litte actual experience in terms of working for firms, but have competed in many stock market challenges/competitions, and I have come to university a year early, having been moved up a year.
Clearly with my lack of experience, I will need to slightly change the template you have provided above; how would you recommend I do this?
I nearly asked the same thing – but my question didn’t even appear.
You should elaborate on your stock market challenges/competitions
Is it okay to write under my asset mgmnt firm that I “increased producivity of checking several entries by about 60%”? It was an excelsheet with about 120 rows in which I had to find the entries which were more than once in these rows. (it was an excel formula I made for that).
Or does it sound ridiculous?
Oh, its in the CV, not the cover letter.
yes it does sounds a bit ridiculous and monotonous. Sorry.
So I’ll delete :) Thanks. Its very difficult to boost your CV.
btw: may I send you, Nicole, my CV that you could look over that? You see my email adress, i guess. I’d really appreciate it! Thinking, that it sounds “too” ridiculous…
We’re not offering resume editing at the moment but will be introducing it shortly, so you can watch for that announcement.
What does “shortly” mean? Within this month? And will it be free? If not, how much would it cost? If you’re launching in the very near future, please reserve one place for me :-).
Haha yes but not free. Sure.
Thanks for your work!
My question is that if I apply for some regions where original language is not English i.e. China, Japan, will it be ok I send a 2-page resume/cl with one in English and another Chinese/Japanese/whatever? or seperately in 2 .pdfs?
No. Not necessary. Just send a one-page resume in English
If bilingual required?
No still submit one pager unless they ask
Another not-related question, do you think that a 4-month full time internship in PE department of commercial banks, say, standard chartered, strong enough to pass the summer/FT online selection? prior to that i had internship in big-4. a senior in university and will pursue a finance master degree right after. thanks
Should do but again it depends on what position you are interviewing for and which division you are looking at. Also depends on who is screening you..However, I believe your experience should suffice
Do you think sending a cover letter with a CV directly to the Head of investment banking dpt is inappropriate? The bank is hiring (according to website). Sent my CV to HR a month ago, no responce.
Sure, just send him a brief email and your resume. No point in sending a cover letter – address what you need to say briefly on the email
What is your opinion about listing client names. Obviously working in a deal situation it would not be acceptable to mention a client name and the transaction itself if this is not public but in my case I have done a lot of work which didn’t result in deals however I am quite keen on mentionning the clients as I have worked with many PE and large Corporate clients. Is it fine to write: “selected list of clients: A,B,C,D,E…
Why would you want to use names there? Just for more credibility when you discuss deals? I would still avoid using names if possible for dead deals. You can still mention that you’ve worked with some big PE names such as X but I wouldn’t go into details; pretend deal is still ongoing even if it died, and leave out the names.
You do such a great service for idiots like me!Keep it up.
Hi! For my motivation letter, which the company requires on their application website, shouldn’t I just say I like money and that I want to work for their company because I would like to earn a lot? Or should I go with the “It’s my passion… I like to be challenged… I’d like to contribute innovations for the growth of the business…” bits? Thank you!
applications for bulge brackets. thanks!
Um #2, always
I am beginning to write my cover letter for a number of boutique banks in the fall to apply for analyst positions. What do I if I don’t know anyone at the firm and can’t namedrop a presentation I attended (1st paragraph)? Can I just say
“My name is John Smith, and I am a recent graduate of Fordham University (Class of 2011). I am interested in applying for an analyst position at XYZ firm”
Is there anything else I can add to the first paragraph to flesh out my cover letter a bit? Thank you very much and keep up the good work!
Hi, I recently switched to a major in economics from engineering. The engineering curriculum at my school is very challenging and had a negative impact on my GPA over my freshman/sophomore year (3.4 currently). Would it be appropriate to list that I was previously an engineering major on my resume to reflect the challenging curriculum I was previously engaged in?
Yes that’s a good idea or at least reflect coursework on there
Thanks for the cover letter and resume templates, they’re really helpful. A friend of mine used your templates to score a summer internship in corporate finance advisory at a big four company in london and I was able to score a SA offer in the IBD of a BB firm in frankfurt, germany. we’re both germans btw.
depending on how fulltime recruiting develops we should set something up for a “breaking into IB in europe”-feature if you see the demand for this. So long, Nick
Congrats, interesting to hear that it works in other countries. There are a few articles on Europe (UK, Germany, Italy) already but could use more if you have a unique angle.
A company was recruiting at my college, and all they asked for was for us to send them a 1-page motivational letter? Any idea what I can include in the letter? Eg, why me? Why should I get the offer? Why should I get the bursary? My strengths and weaknesses?
They don’t want a cv, they just want a motivational letter. I’m not too sure what to include in it. Any help would be appreciated.
I would just follow the cover letter template here and expand on it a bit… don’t go into strengths/weaknesses, just follow the outline above.
Thanks Brian for putting up such a nice website and sharing valuable stuff with us aspirers. I might be using a wrong space to look for your suggestions anyways here I go. My challenge here is to make a successful transition from a business development/ strategy side (prior 3 yrs of exp. with a commercial bank) to IB. Being done an MBA recently from a decent B school in UK where I gained the required skill sets for IB, I was targeting at BB which doesnot seems to be working out my way so I m considering the small boutiques as well to start with. I thought a good cover letter can win recruiters attention in my case. Any advice on the approach I should carry to enter into IB & put my prior experience into use to encash it is highly appreciated.
If you do a search for “Networking” and “Cold-calling” you’ll see the most helpful advice – cover letters do not make a difference, focus on your cold-calling and networking skills and do not give up until you try hundreds of places.
is it okay to put stuff on your resume you don’t mention in your cover letter? or should your resume ONLY include stuff from your cover letter?
It’s fine, you can’t even mention everything in the cover letter anyway
In the 3rd paragraph you explained that we should say something along the lines of “I am impressed by your track record of clients and transactions at Goldman Stanley…”
This is obviously a great way to tailor your cover letter, but I was wondering where you find out information of transactions. I’ve found some doing a simple Google search, but is there an independent authority that tracks all of these? As well, how do you know which transactions to mention? The ones that the firm is particularly proud of or ground-breaking?
Use the WSJ Deal Journal or NYT Dealbook to find recent deals they’ve done, anything sizable or significant e.g. the Goldman / Facebook deal
I realized I made a grammatical error in the last paragraph of my cover letter today. I never noticed it before and I’ve sent it to three places already, one BB and two boutiques. Big deal?
No, no one reads cover letters anyway
Firstly thanks for the website, it’s great.
My question is: in most summer IB internships, they ask several cover letter-like questions like “In 250 words max, describe your career aspirations” etc., however there’s usually an option to upload a cover letter as well. Would you advise keeping it concise or would you include examples of IB-related things, adapted to the question, despite the fact you’re effectively rewriting the cover letter?
This is in UK by the way.
Thanks in advance.
Just keep it concise – competency questions are not a big factor vs. CV/interviews.
Thank you for the template.
Should we use the email format for a doostang message as well?
No keep it way shorter like 2-3 sentences maybe
I guess I’m the most complicated case here. I’m currently doing BA in Art History and Italian at UCL, London, now doing my Erasmus in Italy. However, last summer I worked as a M&A Summer Analyst in a small boutique bank specializing in cross-border M&As. There, I started from scratch, with no finance experience/knowledge, but learnt a lot and had lots of hands-on experience, since the company was really small and I was involved in literally everything.
I’m applying for summer internships in large investment banks and about to start writing my cover letters. I assume I must explain myself for studying Art History & Italian and my out-of-the-blue interest in I-Banking, plus use my last summer experience as a selling point. Any other specific hints?
Thanks in advance for your help!
Well, why did you work there? What made you interested in doing that? Reference a specific person or if nothing comes to mind use something from the news or your background e.g. I was always really interested in Italy and the UK and got interested in finance as a result of [xx] so I wanted to explore cross-border M&A and leverage my skills/interests like that.
Hi, I have completed my masters in Drug Discovery and Translational Biology. But currently I am planning to apply for any investment banking positions. As I don’t have any background or experience in the given field, i don’t what to write in the 2nd and 3rd paragraph.
Can you please help me,
Talk about the analytical skills you gained and how they apply, or the leadership / project management skills or anything else like that from previous internships or school.
Hey guys, this letter just repeats what is inside the Resume anyway. What is the additional value for the potential employer to read this kind of resume? There are no additional information. Wouldnt it be better to wite about your motiviation, your personal (not work) background, and reasons to chose this department/bank ? Or would it harm to do this?
Furthermore, the letter includes the information about resume enclosure 3(!) times. I like this site but this template really does not look too promising for me!
So don’t use it? The point is that no one reads cover letters, but in case they do, you don’t want to screw up by saying anything controversial or anything that could be misinterpreted.
If you start writing your personal story, bankers might mistake it for a soap opera script rather than cover letter.
Cover letters have no value at all, but just like grades if you screw one up it could hurt you. This template is intentionally boring and gives very little information because otherwise people would download this and insert pictures of unicorns, write about their past relationships, and other nonsense.
Great comment, made me laugh
Do you recommend being creative in cover letters, ie varying sentence structure, using big/expressive words ?
No, creativity is for marketing or poetry – this is finance.
I’m a US student currently at Oxford for my junior year. All the applications for the UK offices are online. I know you have already answered the question before, but I don’t want to make any mistakes. So just to clarify:
1. Omit the physical addresses, mine as well as theirs. 2. Omit the recruiters name leaving only the name of the bank 3. Omit the signature 4. Do not enclose resume since that is a separate attachment
Thanks so much in advance.
Hie ,i realy luv ur advice!.,Im doing a Bsc in Financial modelling with UNISA.is this a good start for a career in investment banking?.i finish next year, could u tell wat i can do to make myself marketable after graduation.
Honestly, I’m not sure on that one because I’m not familiar with the school. If a lot of banks recruit there, it’s fine; otherwise you should transfer elsewhere.
Its University of SouthAfrica ,im also staying in Africa.is there something i could do 2 giv me an added advantage over my coleagues?.
This article has some tips on South Africa: https://mergersandinquisitions.com/investment-banking-south-africa/
What’s your take on headlines (i.e.Application for IB Analyst) and postscripts? I’ve heard from many friends to add them on because they will grab attention. But then again, they aren’t going into banking.
Not applicable for banking
i will be applying to merrill lynch. In the template, you stated many of the internship and job roles that provide the skills required to be a great investment analyst. However, i was just wondering, if i have a perfect gpa, perfect sats score, how can i use these to my advantage in my cover letter?
You can’t really, just list them and be done with it – no point in trying to emphasize those because there’s not much to say and they speak for themselves.
Hi, If the firm’s online application says “you can only attach one file: this should contain your CV, cover letter and any other materials relevant for the position”, does it mean in the word document file I upload, the 1st page is resume, the 2nd page is cover letter and the 3rd is transcript? It looks pretty strange because the document is gonna be 4-5 pages. But since they only allow me to upload one file, I’m not sure what to do with the cover letter and the transcript. Or can I just omit them and attach the resume document only? Thanks a ton.
I would not send the transcript unless they specifically ask for it, otherwise just create a 2-page file with your cover letter and CV
First of all, great website! It’s really helpful and I think you guys are doing a great job.
I am visually impaired, however I have always followed regular education and have performed like anybody else (also in jobs, at associations, etc). Many banks stress their emphasis on diversity and now I am wondering if I should include this fact in my cover letter / online application? On the one hand I feel it would fit great into the whole “what are you most proud of”-question, but I am also scared it might work against me?
Please note I’m applying London, not NY. (I think European regulations might differ from US-ones). I go to a European target school.
Personally I would not list it on your CV / cover letter / online application, but maybe bring it up in an interview if it fits in naturally.
Hi Brian, I was beginning to start writing coverletters–atleast get them going, but I’m confused on where to find the unique strength of each BB, which makes it diff from its competitions. One of the things which makes a good cover letter is that its specific to a firm, but I dont know how to find such information. For instance, I was looking at MS, Barclays website in the section ,’Why MS’ or ‘Why Barclays’, and it seems every firm had the same agenda. We are committed to diversity , team player etc. Obv I need to go into more depth than this. Brian where I can find information specific to each BB on their website? I would really appreciate it. Thanks a lot.
You should read the WSJ Deal Journal blog and look for recent mentions of the bank and what deals they have been advising on – then reference those in the cover letter.
Hi Brian, I’m in a similar position as the above poster. For companies without a personal contact I want to talk about a specific deal they’ve advised on.
I’m just unsure how to formulate such a sentence without encouraging diffcult to answer questions.
E.g. I was thinking of something along the lines of “I was impressed with your company’s role as target advisor in the $X bn acquisition of companyX”
I’m afraid this would result in the question of ‘why were you impressed?’.
Any chance you could give a sample sentence of how you would talk about a deal in a cover letter?
P.S.: Keep up the good work with BIWS, love the constant updates. Highly recommended, well worth the money!
You can say something like “I recently saw news of your role as an advisor in the $X bn acquisition of company X and was immediately interested, since I’ve followed the [X] industry for awhile.”
Hi, I graduated from a target, went to medical school after graduation, but left after two years to pursue a career in investment banking. I now work at a small investment research firm, and I am applying for 2011 analyst class.
How much “explanation” do I need to do in cover letter? Or should I just focus on my job experience and modeling skills?
I don’t think you need much explanation since you quit medicine after 2 years, so just focus on other aspects
Is the physical address at the top still necessary if you’re attaching the cover letter as a .PDF in an online form?
I can’t thank you enough for all these info Brian,
In all honesty, I did have a sudden family death last year for which I had to leave school in the middle of the semester and come back after about two weeks. I got in a lot of psychological stress and uncertainty and I ended up messing up my grades significantly for two semesters. However, I did improve last semester with a full workload (maximum number of credit hours allowed at my school + advanced level classes) and got near 4.0.
How should I mention this on my cover letter? Also, how would I do that on an electronic cover letter which should only be about 4-5 sentences?
Thanks again in advance.
I would just say you had a health issue and had trouble balancing everything, but quickly learned your lesson and received perfect grades right after that. Giving a family excuse sounds fake so I would probably not write that even if it’s true.
Thanks but the thing is that wasn’t my freshman year. It was my sophomore year. So I did well my freshman year than poorly as a sophomore and improved as a junior.
Also, what about the electronic cover letter? Would it be ok to take up some sentences to explain my situation?
Just say you did poorly “at first” and then improved and have perfect grades this past year. I would still keep your cover letter short as no one has time to read a lot.
I would appreciate your advice on this.
I’m a senior at a target school in Far East Asia. It’s really tough to get into a BB here and I’m thinking of visiting each BB and handing them my resume and cover letter to ask for a junior equity research position. I doubt I’d be able to personally meet the head of research or a senior analyst without prior arrangement, so I’d be probably handing my resume and cover letter to HR. I need to stand out but I have no equity research internship experience. What I do have, is a equity S&T internship at a BB and a RA (intern) at a top-tier mgmt. consulting firm. Plus experience managing a personal portfolio and trading derivatives in notable amounts.
Now, my problem is this. I made it to the final round for a junior ER position at GS but unfortunately was not given the offer (the offer ended up going to someone with some full-time experience in ER; had I been competing against fresh-out-of-college candidates would the result have been different?). I would like to mention this in my resume or cover letter hoping that it would serve as evidence that I’m really interested in ER and that I have the potential. But I’m worried that this might send the wrong signal. Who would like to accept a candidate knowing that he was unsuccessful elsewhere? I’m worried that I might appear arrogant in their eyes. I’m thinking of visiting CS, UBS, Citi, MS, ML, JPM, etc. In ER here in Asia, they’re at least at par with GS if not better…
I realize that answer to this may depend on the culture here. Please advise. Thanks.
I would not mention an unsuccessful interview with GS for the reasons you mentioned.
Hi Brian! Long time reader, first time poster. I’m currently a rising senior at a target school on the tale end of my internship at a strong boutique bank in New York. I only have one week left, and I’ve been given zero modeling opportunities. I’m very disappointed. I figure that I should ask for some modeling work. But I have some questions.
1) Does it reflect poorly in interviews for full-time that I didn’t do any modeling? Should I “stretch” the truth?
2) Do you have any other relevant comments about doing a junior year internship and not getting any modeling experience? I’m concerned with how this hurts my full-time credentials, how this might affect my resume, and how overall my standing will decrease relative to my peers because I didn’t get modeling experience.
It’s quite common not to have modeling experience… just say you did research and assisted with potential clients / potential buy-side deals but don’t say anything about modeling. Most people do no modeling in their internships so it doesn’t matter much anyway.
What’s a better part-time fall internship, BB PWM or no-name boutique (I mean no name.. say 3-7 employees)?
Both are about the same, but the boutique is better for your resume because you can write “Investment Banking Analyst”
I often read though it’s June interviews are still taking place.
When do banks in America/Europe begin accepting applications for: 1) summer interns (analyst) 2) full-time (analyst/associate)
Is the end of a summer intern equivalent to the end of the full-time offer application period? Because ppl. might are offered a full-time offer after their summer intern.
To put it in a nutshell: When is recruting/application time generally?
Summer interns are December/January, full-time is August-September.
And when do you start as summer intern, when u successfully applied in dec/jan or successfully applied for aug/sep?
Summer interns usually start in June
This post reminded me of the classic cover letter to Lehman that was on Leveraged Sellout. I tried to see it, but it appears LSO has shutdown. Is this the case? Are the days of re-reading the same, hilarious stories over?
I don’t know because it’s not my site, but yes it appears to be down. Maybe check the google cache.
Thanks for the release of this article, much appreciated.
Curious on an unrelated question though, when you try to develop relationships with bankers and do the initial outreach to set up an information interview, how far ahead should you plan? I mean should you give them dates within the week you email, 2 weeks ahead, etc?
Also, for specific time slots you ask for, what time is it usually best for a banker to talk to someone about that? Like early morning, late night, right after lunch, etc?
Thanks again, H
Give dates within the next 1.5 weeks so they have a few days to respond. Usually right after lunch is best for bankers, for traders you have to call after market hours are over
Hi Brian, Thanks for the website, I have a quick question for you. I am in one of the new Masters in Finance/Management programs. I am at a target school for undergrad/MBA (think UNC/Duke/UVA). However, since the program is very new, banks don’t know much about it. Aditionally, although I have had some Wealth Management internship experience, I don’t have an I-Banking internship.
Given my situation, do you think it is better for me (in terms of B-school and exit opportunities) to go into a top ten consulting firm (excluding MBB) or try for mid-market/boutique investment banks (My school is very good in placing people in consulting), assuming I don’t get into a BB. I ultimately want to end up in PE or HF (preferably PE).
Thanks for your help.
I would still say banking because consulting –> PE is very tough unless you go for firms like Golden Gate Capital that hire a lot of ex-consultants… and even there they’re mostly from MBB. Much easier to go from smaller bank –> PE than to go from smaller consulting firm –> PE.
Should I mention the fact that my company is in F500? It’s know in Europe, but I doubt it is known in North America.
You can add it in, yes
I don’t have any inside experience about the recruiting process, but a friend/colleague of mine (BB) mentioned that while recruiting for regional european branches/off-cycle internships often look at the cover letter, they almost never do it for summer positions in London.
Everyone seems to have different stories re: cover letters, but they are certainly less important than resumes, networking, or interviews
What about for laterals?
Same template applies but talk about how your previous banking experience applies to the new position you’re applying for
I appreciate your template for its compactness, I understand I shouldnt overestimate the competition, but Im trying to sell myself to the recruiter, so simply mentioning my skills and experience will not differentiate me from the “competitor”…?
I personally dont have so much experience in the finance realm (although Im genuinely interested in it and have managed to get a ten day insight into a BB) so do you encourage mentioning transferable skills I acquired through extra curricular activities, ie football = teamwork, etc, etc…
Cover letters are not really the place to “sell” yourself, which is why this is short… much safer to keep it boring and then do the selling via networking / interviews.
I know this is supposed to be basic, but the first paragraph is pretty useless. Your name, university/job position and contact details will already be on your resume so what’s the point in wasting time and space repeating the details on your cover letter. Also, saying “I am interested in pursuing an [Investment Banking Analyst / Associate] position at your firm” is also somewhat redundant, since the recruiter knows what position you’re applying for.
The template is good as a starting point, but on the off chance someone actually does read your cover letter, I would try to do a lot more than just make redundant statements.
This template is for both email and traditional letters… and in email it’s certainly not redundant. Even with traditional letters you are introducing new information by giving the name of the person you met at their firm as well as your major / where you’re working more specifically.
so do you expect the same stats as what you have written for the resume template? A given population, and a limited percentage will download it, and even a limited percentage will copy it word for word?
Cheers, thanks for all the great info!
In the grand scheme of things, yes – online a lot of people use these templates but most people who apply to banks do not use them.
I’m currently a rising junior at a semi target looking to be a SA next summer. This past summer I interned at a discount brokerage firm but had significant responsibilities (they didn’t have to hire an additional broker because of me) and got a lot of experience and face time with clients.
I have an opportunity to apply for a PWM internship for the fall with Morgan Stanley Smith Barney. Should I continue with my current internship through the fall or would it look better to move to the more distinguished name? I imagine the work would be similar. thanks
Go to the better name
nice template, it sure will be easier for internationals like me to write one now. thanks.
Thank you for the cover letter template.
“If you’re making the body of your email the cover letter, make it even shorter (4-5 sentences total) and cut out the address bits at the top.”
Do you mean we should drastically cut down the entire 4 paragraph cover letter into 4-5 sentences?
Yes, make it so they don’t have to scroll much (if at all) when reading on a Blackberry. 1-2 sentence intro, 2 sentences on your work experience and how it makes you fit for the job and then 1 sentence conclusion.
A nicely put article! Anyway, I like the new template for the website too!
A question that is unrelated to the article:
How far does an interviewer expect you to know in a previous live deal that you were previously involved in as an INTERN? I mean really, to be fair, often times, even if interns are being put into live deals, they are only doing menial works (including me), such as researching, data mining, presentation slides building, etc.
How far of financial analysis would the interviewer expect you to know?
Also, in terms of financial modeling, you’ve said it before that it is the kind of work that everyone should want to be exposed to. But what if the financial modeling is not for a live deal, but for a potential deal? Would it still look better than the menial works in live deals?
Thank you! You have no idea how helpful you have been.
They expect you to know what you indicate you know… so don’t set expectations very high. And yes any type of modeling work is better than menial tasks
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Investment Banking Cover Letter Sample (Also for Internships)
As seen in:
You’re about to compose a job-winning investment banking cover letter .
Whether you want to become a boutique investment analyst or get a lucrative JP Morgan internship, you’re a high-value commodity.
They need proof.
To get them to invest in you, you must write a perfect finance cover letter you can bank on.
This investment banking cover letter guide will show you:
- Investment banking cover letter examples better than 9 out of 10 others.
- How to write a perfect cover letter investment banking institutions love.
- Tips on how to grab their attention with a professional finance cover letter.
- How to sell yourself on a cover letter to get the investment bank jobs you want.
Want to write your cover letter fast? Use our cover letter builder. Choose from 20+ professional cover letter templates that match your resume. See actionable examples and get expert tips along the way.
Create your cover letter now
Sample cover letter for a resume— See more cover letter examples and create your cover letter here .
Want to double-check your investment banking resume to be certain that’s on point? Here’s our guide on that: Investment Banker Resume: Sample & Complete Guide
Maybe you're looking for another positions? See other cover letter examples for jobs in your industry:
- Business Analyst Cover Letter
- Business Cover Letter
- Consulting Cover Letter
- Data Analyst Cover Letter
- Data Entry Cover Letter
- Data Scientist Cover Letter
- Executive Cover Letter
- Financial Analyst Cover Letter
- Manager Cover Letter
- McKinsey Cover Letter
- Project Manager Cover Letter
- Retail Cover Letter Examples
- Sales Cover Letter
- Law Firm Cover Letter
- Formal Cover Letter
Want to explore your options further? See our full selection of cover letter examples for every career: Best Cover Letter Examples
First, here’s our take on the perfect cover letter for investment banking analyst jobs:
Investment Banking Cover Letter Sample
1234 35th St, #6
Astoria, NY 11106
March 1, 2019
IB Hiring Manager
200 West St, 7th Floor
New York, NY 10282
As the recent acquirer of an MBA from the Columbia Business School, I was excited to see the junior investment analyst opening. My previous JP Morgan internship experience has honed my accounting, risk, international markets, financial statement analysis, and financial modeling skills, and I know I have the knowledge required to take Goldman Sachs to the next level.
During my JP Morgan internship, I further developed the investment strategy and finance skills I learned in my MBA program. My experience researching for foreign direct investment and up-and-coming tech companies make me an excellent prospect.
At JPM, I’ve had several proud achievements:
- Instrumental in research and analysis for a $5B software firm acquisition.
- Supported IPO initialization for 10+ startups onto NYSE and Nasdaq.
- Researched and captured data for 35 companies, successfully obtaining investment for 32 of them.
As my wins clearly demonstrate, I am very capable with the workings for investment banking, whether it’s for foreign investment or finding funds for domestic startup capital. If given the chance to join Goldman Sachs, I would bring that same passion for success.
I would welcome the opportunity to discuss your investment plans for the coming year and show you how my wins at JP Morgan can easily translate to the same at Goldman Sachs.
P.S. I’d love to explain my formula for achieving 95% valuation recommendations and how I believe I can do even better with the vast resources available at Goldman Sachs. Perhaps over a coffee at that diner on 57th Street?
How about that?
It’s solid and only just over 250 words.
Writing a strong investment analyst cover letter that Warren Buffet would drool over is easier than you think. Read on to learn more!
What’s the Best Format for an Investment Banking Cover Letter?
Preceding investment in the next unicorn, you’ll research, analyze risk, and do due diligence.
Before you start writing, you need to make sure your cover letter is properly formatted like the final draft of a 10-K filing.
Here’s a sample investment banking cover letter outline to use as a guide:
Investment Banking Cover Letter Template—Format Sample
- Your personal contact details
- The date of writing
- The investment bank’s details in a business letter format
- An opening salutation (e.g., Dear Blythe, )
- An introductory statement that grabs their attention
- A paragraph on how you’re the perfect banker for the job
- Several investment wins to prove you’re more than capable
- A paragraph on why this specific financial firm is perfect for you
- A closing statement with a strong call to action
- A complimentary close (e.g., Sincerely ) and your name
If you stick to this cover letter format, they’ll see all alpha and no beta .
How long should a cover letter be for investment banking jobs? Keep your investment letter of application to between 200–300 words, depending on your previous experience. That’s plenty of space to talk up your work history and achievements.
To read more about choosing the best investment advisor cover letter components, see this article: What to Put in a Cover Letter?
An Investment Banking Cover Letter Intro Finance Managers Love
Securities, commodities, and financial service jobs are projected to increase 6% between 2016 and 2026 in the US alone, adding more than 23,000 jobs.
What does that mean for you?
You need to stand out like Jamie Dimon on a trading floor.
For that to happen, write a Wall Street cover letter opening that’ll put dollar signs in their eyes.
Open with the hiring manager’s name.
People respond best when hearing their name, according to MRI scans —their first name, in particular.
Here’s how convoluted that is:
Investment Banking Cover Letter Examples—Salutation
Easy as dollar cost averaging.
Search the bank’s website and do some LinkedIn research to locate the hiring manager’s name.
If you want to hedge and be more formal, their last name beats no name: Dear Ms. Summers .
Can’t find their name?
Dear Hiring Manager is still much better than To whom it may concern !
Don’t care for the Dear part? Not able to find a name? We’ve got other options for various scenarios: How to Start a Cover Letter: Sample & Guide [20+ Examples]
Like the after-hours earnings announcement for Morgan Stanley, they’ll be focused on your introductory statement.
So you need to hook them. Otherwise, they won’t read the rest.
Here’s how to start a cover letter for investment banking right:
Cover Letter for Investment Banking Job Examples—Introduction
That first one is awful—
It’s all about you, greedy as Gordon Gekko, and full of gag-inducing cliches.
The next one, though, starts with your background, segues cleanly into banking skills, and compels them to continue to the next paragraph.
That’s a solid, blue chip investment!
Pro Tip : Don’t make a general cover letter for investment banking jobs. Tailor it specifically to this one bank and specific position to achieve the most impact. Want to apply at a second investment bank? Spend 10 minutes writing a new cover letter.
There are other ways to go about your investment banker cover letter introduction. For more ideas, see: How to Write a Cover Letter: Sample & Guide [20+ Examples]
Write a Great Middle for Your Cover Letter for Investment Banking
Now, the main body of your cover letter—
Like banks wooing the next startup IPO during a beauty contest, you’ve got to sell yourself as the best investment bank candidate for the position.
In the following 2 or 3 paragraphs, here’s what you need to include:
- Explain why you’re the best investment banking analyst candidate.
- Add numbers to prove a few impressive past achievements.
- Describe how the finance and research skills you have match what they need.
- Show them they’re the only investment bank you want to work for.
Here’s an investment banking cover letter sample body:
Investment Bank Cover Letter Example—Body Paragraphs
These three paragraphs are brief, but they are detailed and super impactful. It paints a clear picture for them like a perfect prospectus so they can easily see you as the next great investment analyst at their firm.
You’ll be making bank in no time!
Pro Tip : Use keywords on your cover letter just as you did on your investment banking resume. Also, keep it legible by using the best cover letter fonts .
Need more ideas on how to tweak these middle bits? We’ve got all the cover letter dos and don’ts here: 35+ Professional Cover Letter Tips and Advice
When making a resume in our builder, drag & drop bullet points, skills, and auto-fill the boring stuff. Spell check? Check . Start building a professional resume template here for free .
When you’re done, Zety’s resume builder will score your resume and tell you exactly how to make it better.
How to Close Investment Banker Cover Letters Like a Boss
A transaction isn’t finalized until you have that tombstone framed and a deal toy on your desk.
A buy-side analyst cover letter isn’t ready to send until you close it off and sign your name.
First, let’s look at a good closing paragraph:
Investment Banking Cover Letter Examples—Closing Paragraph
The first example is curt and robotic—
They’ll want you like they want negative carry.
The second example, however, is just right. You are professional yet polite, and you close it off with a call to action—but leave the decision to them.
It attracts them like a great ROI.
The closing sentiment and your full name:
Cover Letter Investment Banking Valediction—Example
Easy as the Rule of 72!
And lastly, a postscript.
A P.S. below your name isn’t necessary on a cover letter for investment banking.
It’s a great after the bell hack to steal their attention once more before they put your cover letter down.
Here’s an example postscript:
Investment Analyst Cover Letter Samples—Postscript
You add one more accomplishment here in case they weren’t sold before, and you entice them by promising them similar results.
Finally, you add a nice personal touch and a friendly nudge for them to discuss.
That’s as hard to ignore as an SEC investigation, but in a good way.
Pro Tip : Are you writing a cover letter for investment banking internships ? Keep the same advice in mind. Use the job description to assist you in writing your cover letter, and use wins and skills from your education and past jobs to make the deal happen.
Looking for more ideas on how to end a cover letter for investment advisors and analysts? We’ve a great guide right here: How to End a Cover Letter: Sample & Complete Guide [+20 Examples]
Now you know that writing an investment banking cover letter that lands more job interviews isn’t that hard.
Let’s put it all together.
Here’s how to write a perfect cover letter for investment banking jobs:
- Follow the right cover letter format.
- Address the bank hiring manager directly.
- Start with a compelling intro statement.
- Explain why you are the best candidate.
- Give some key achievements to stand out.
- Show them why you want to work at this bank.
- Close with a powerful ending statement.
- Use a postscript to grab attention, optionally.
Now THAT’S an investment banking cover letter that everyone agrees has a solid BUY rating!
Have any questions on how to write a cover letter for investment banking jobs? Not sure how to talk up your finance skills or relate your trading achievements? Get at us in the comments below, and we’ll answer your questions. Thanks for reading!
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Do I Need a Cover Letter? Are Cover Letters Necessary in 2023
Do I need a cover letter? Is it important? What if the job offer doesn’t require a cover letter? Read this guide to find out all you need to know.
35+ Successful Cover Letter Tips & Advice (With Examples)
Cover letter writing tips—sure to turn any boring letter into something employers want to read.
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An employment gap is a period of time (months of years) when a job seeker didn't have a job. While out of work, employees use their time to have children, travel or go to school full time.
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Investment Banking Cover Letter Guide & Example
Template & Writing Guide
The key to effective investment banking cover-letters is story-telling. Most people write cover letters like resumes, with cold, hard facts, and that’s the problem.
Cover letters are much more effective if they contain stories capturing the burning spirits of candidates. This article will show you how to install such stories seamlessly into your investment banking cover letters, and land an interview yourself.
1. Why Write an Investment Banking Cover Letter?
1.1. what are investment banking cover letters for.
A well-crafted cover letter for investment banking shows three very important facts:
- You understand what the bank is looking for
- You have the skills needed for the job
- You are articulate
1.2. Do investment bankers actually read cover letters?
Truth be told, investment bankers hardly ever read cover letters. The HR department hands off all resumes and cover letters to investment bankers to choose interviewees for the next round. Given their hectic workload, most bankers only spend 30 seconds on each applicatio n .
They typically look at the resume first to make sure you have the desired skills and experience before taking the time to read your cover letter.
Situations where a good investment banking cover letter is critical include:
- Boutiques and local banks – These banks are smaller and have a lower number of applications, so they are more likely to read cover letters than bulge bracket banks.
- Unusual backgrounds – You should use a cover letter to explain your situation if you’re a career changer, not having a finance background, or have gap time in your work experience.
- Outside the US – In Europe, for example, some banks pay more attention to cover letters and online applications.
- When applying directly to a bank without going through a recruiter.
- When you are a new graduate applying for an investment banking job.
Although a cover letter may matter less than a resume and networking , you still need to put some effort into it. A perfect cover letter (without a strong resume) may not get a candidate an interview , but a bad one will certainly knock you out of the process.
1.3. Cover Letter vs Resume – What’s The Difference?
Because so many candidates end up writing boring cover letters resembling “paragraph versions” of their resumes, it is important to differentiate the two.
There are four marked differences between a cover letter and a resume for investment banking:
Cover letters go deep, resumes go wide
In cover letters, you should select one or a few most notable achievements , and describe them in detail to reflect your 3 defining aspects: values, competencies, motivations .
This stands in contrast with resumes, where you cram as many relevant achievements as possible into the space of 1 or 2 A4 pages .
Cover letters are “soft” stories, resumes are “hard” bullet lists
The content format of cover letters is much less defined, leaving room for a lot of creativity, unlike resumes which are almost always bullet lists of cold, hard facts.
Your goal as the candidate is to fully utilize that loosely defined format and make your cover letter as attractive and memorable as possible.
A crucial role of the cover letter is to portray who you are as a person. Resumes don’t do that, they focus on your achievements.
Your personality does not only come directly through the contents, but also reflected in the style of the letter – so take time to make your cover letter more attractive, and you’ll make a better impression with the screener.
Cover letters describe personality, resumes do not
In cover letters, you have to answer the motivation questions ( why investment banking , why this firm). In resumes, that aspect is barely mentioned.
The most credible answers to those questions connect the job with your future plans – as such, the cover letter is not confined to the past like resumes.
Cover letters touch on future plans, resume concerns mostly the past
2. What Do Investment Bankers Look For In A Cover Letter?
In an investment banking cover letter, you must display these three essential qualities and two motivations :
- Quantitative and analytical ability
- Result oriented mindset
- Leadership skill
- Why investment banking?
- Why this firm?
2.1. Quantitative and analytical ability
2.2. Result oriented mindset
While you already include specific achievement numbers in their resumes, investment bankers need more “evidence” of your strong motivation to achieve higher results. Do you perform better than requirements? Do you pay attention to details while involving multiple tasks or under time pressure? Do you always take an innovative approach to problems?
2.3. Leadership skill
2.4. Why investment banking?
2.5. Why this firm?
For example, you can reveal your interest in a bank by talking about how motivated you are to work in the Investment Banking Division at Goldman Sachs after having conversations with bankers at a Spring Insight program organized by the firm.
3. How To Write an Investment Banking Cover Letter?
The structure for an investment banking cover letter is fairly simple and straightforward. There are four main parts to a standard investment banking cover letter:
Step 1: Write a compelling introduction
- Step 2: Show your experience to stand out
- Step 3: Explain how you fit in the role
- Step 4: Give a closing
The introduction part should briefly show candidates’ basic information including name, educational background and company name (of your internship or working experience). Mention the role you are applying to and how you heard about the position (particularly if you were referred by a mutual acquaintance).
The best thing you can do is name drop people you have talked to. That way the application reviewer knows you have done your homework, and might ask the person you talked to about her impression on you. This way catches bankers’ attention when mentioning something relevant to them. Applicants can write about the participation in an event or a conversation with bankers that motivates them to apply for this position. Additionally, reaching people on LinkedIn to grasp the financial world is another way to show your interest.
“My name is Peter and I am currently a 3rd-year finance major at University of Southern California. I recently talked with Tom Linzmeier from the Leveraged Finance group at Deutsche Bank over the phone last week, and was very impressed after reading about your M&A deal with Vodafone Hutchison Australia, as well as the fantastic things I have heard about the company’s culture. I am interested in the investment banking summer analyst position at your firm, and have enclosed my resume below for consideration.”
Why this is a good example?
- Overshadow the non-target school name with a name drop of someone you spoke to
- Mention a recent deal the bank worked on to show you did your research
Step 2: Show your experience to stand out
This is the space for candidates to demonstrate their interest in finance through practical experience. An investment banking cover letter is not used to show off all the banking-relevant experiences but the most outstanding ones. The best way to pass the resume round is to utilize the name of bulge bracket banks , large PE firms or big-4 companies.
Here are some relevant experiences:
- Previous investment banking internship
- Previous analytical-based internship ( Hedge Fund /Private Equity, research firm, anything where you are doing financial modeling , valuation and analyzing companies)
- Being part of a student run investment fund (managing your university’s endowment)
- Participating in major stock pitch competitions or case competition
When describing responsibilities at a firm, it is important to highlight the quantified achievement of that job, quantitative & analytical ability, and leadership skills.
After showing the most relevant experience, it’s time to reiterate the suitability of your profile to that position. Insights about the firm are utilized from networking that is hardly found on the internet. Our networking guide provides practical tips on how to talk with bankers in the most insightful way.
Already had an investment banking internship: “I have previously completed an internship in investment banking at Jefferies’ San Francisco office. My experience gave me exposure to multiple deals, building financial models as well as helping with pitch books, and allowed me to hone my knowledge of accounting, modeling and other technical skills. I was lucky enough to directly work on a M&A deal with a $2 billion tech company, providing some input on the model and working extensively on the final pitch book.”
Had experience similar to an internship: “I completed the Tuck Business Bridge Program at Dartmouth University. The program gave me exposure to the fundamentals of value investing, financial analysis, modeling & equity research, and allowed me to develop my technical skills. Working in teams on a final capstone project and presenting our findings to industry executives had the biggest impact, as we were forced to defend our position in a high-pressure situation. In my final project on Dunkin valuation, I built out the model, analyzed the financials, and concluded the equity was more than 40% undervalued.”
- Mention relevant experience
- Highlight the technical skills
- Give a specific example of a deal/a company you worked on
Step 3: Explain how you fit the role
Above all, investment banks will want to know that you have the right skills and attributes for the job. In this paragraph, you’ll need to draw parallels between the skills, qualifications and knowledge you’ve picked up during your degree course and/or placement and the role you are applying for.
Also, take the time in the third paragraph to explain why you want to work for the bank you are applying to. Be specific, so again, do some research. Make sure you don’t just reiterate what you see on their website. Find some unique reasons for choosing the particular bank to make your cover letter stand out. Show an understanding of the bank’s culture, the company’s future goals, and why it appeals to you.
“Given my background in [insert previous experience: investment banking, private equity, equity research,etc.] along with my leadership and analytical skills, I am a particularly good fit for the investment banking summer analyst position at your firm. I am impressed by your track record of clients and transactions at Goldman Sachs and the significant responsibilities given to analysts. I believe my skill set and experience will let me hit the ground running from Day 1 and look forward to joining and contributing to Goldman.”
Step 4: Give a closing
This closing part of a cover letter seems to be the least “nerve-wracking” part. Keep it simple and brief. Think about resume attachment and state your availability for the interview. Giving a sincere thank you for recruiters’ time and reiterating contact information.
You should end the letter “Yours sincerely” if it’s being sent to a named person; if you haven’t managed to find out a name then use: “Yours faithfully” followed by your name.
“A copy of my resume is enclosed for your reference. I would love to have an opportunity to discuss my experiences and qualifications with you and learn more about UBS at your earliest convenience. I can be reached at 333-333-3333 or via email at [email protected] Thank you very much for your time and consideration.”
4. Visual Format of an Investment Banking Cover Letter
4.1. a basic and clear font for a cover letter.
When it comes to fonts, keep it simple and professional. Choose a basic, clear font like Arial, Calibri, Verdana or something similar . Avoid using fancy or decorative fonts.
Many employers use applicant tracking systems—software that allows automated sorting of job applications based on specific keywords, skills, job titles or other fields. Complicated fonts can make it harder for the software to read your letter, which might prevent your application from moving forward.
Use 10- and 12-point sizes for easy reading. Anything smaller will leave the hiring manager squinting, and anything larger will make your letter look unprofessional. In general, you should use the same font and font size that you used in your resume.
4.2. Spacing within your cover letter
Good spacing is essential for your cover letter—whitespace in the right places will make it easier for the hiring manager to read quickly. Follow these guidelines:
- Make your cover letter single-spaced
- Add a space between each section: contact information, salutation, opening paragraph, middle paragraph, closing paragraph and complimentary closing. (There’s no need to indent any of your paragraphs.)
4.3. Margins and alignment
Align your text to the left and use standard 1-inch margins all the way around. If your letter is spilling off onto a second page, first reread it and see if there’s anything you can cut. If you can’t cut anything, you can consider shrinking the margins to ¾” or ½”, but avoid going smaller than that so your cover letter doesn’t look squished on the page.
4.4. One page only with around 200 to 300 words
A cover letter for investment banking should be kept within 1 page (around 200-300 words). Investment bankers have no time for multiple page cover letters.
4.5. Save a file as a PDF
Since an applicant tracking system may be parsing your cover letter, make sure you save your document in a compatible file format—either .doc or PDF. It’s also a good idea to rename your file to something specific, especially since hiring managers can see the file name of your online submission. Follow the format of First Name-Last Name-Cover-Letter (e.g. Jade-Young-cover-letter.doc) to make it more convenient for the person downloading it.
5. Investment Banking Example Cover Letter
August 5th, 2020
Bank of America
123 West St, New York, NY 10282, United States
Dear Hiring Manager,
I am Peter Anderson, an MBA graduate at Chicago Booth School of Business. I’m writing in support of my application for the Investment Banking Associate position at Bank of America. I recently talked with Tom Linzmeier from the Healthcare group at your firm, and I was really impressed about your deal flow as well as the fantastic things I have heard about the company’s culture.
Over 1.5 years as an analyst in Miller Buckfire & Co., I have contributed meaningfully to 4 M&A deals totaling in excess of $2.3 billion, serving as the lead analyst in 2 of these deals. Apart from being integrally involved in valuation and financial modeling for these deals, I was also responsible for maintaining pitch books and ensuring that all stakeholders, both internal and external, had all the information they needed at the right time.
I’ve been praised by my seniors for the attention to detail and clarity in my reports, especially my executive summaries. One of the MDs termed my executive summary for a critical $680 million M&A deal the “most well-written report I’ve come across in years.” I understand how critical data and reports are in decision making, which is why I approach writing even the simplest of reports or updates with utmost diligence.
Given my experience in investment banking along with my analytical and teamwork skills, I am a particularly good fit for the Investment Banking Associate position at Bank of America. I believe my skill set and experience will let me hit the ground running from Day 1 and look forward to joining and contributing to the company.
I enclose my curriculum vitae and photographs as required, and I would be happy to provide you with further details should they be required. Thank you for your consideration.
Unlike applications in the U.S, Investment Banking recruiters in the United Kingdom always require a cover letter in their resume round. This article is an ultimate guide for writing the...
Are you considering a career in investment banking? Reading the article through will help you comprehend the investment banking industry...
Table of Contents
- 1. Why Cover Letter?
- 2. Requirements
- 3. Guide to Write
- 4. Visual Format
- Investment Banking Resume
- Private Equity Associate & Private Equity Analyst
- Resume: Investment Banking vs Sales & Trading
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Investment Banking Cover Letter Template (What You’re Doing Wrong)
by Todd M | May 3, 2021 | Uncategorized | 0 comments
It’s hard finding the perfect investment banking cover letter template.
So I’m here to help you cheat a little bit.
If you follow the steps below, I’ll show you how to write a cover letter that actually gets results based on where you are in your career.
And if you’re just plain lazy, you can download the investment banking cover letter template below.
But trust me, if you want results, you will want to keep reading.
Access The Investment Banking Cover Letter Template Below
Table of Contents
1 – #1 Mistake Made 2 – The Attention Trick 3 – #1 Thing You Need To Show 4 – Prove You’re The Best 5 – Conclusion
You Still Have No Experience
This is by FAR the most important thing when trying to become an investment banker and one of the most common cover letter mistakes when applying for the analyst position.
It’s also one of the first things looked at by a hiring manager.
You need to figure out which experience bucket you fall into before even worrying about an investment banking cover letter
Are you applying for an investment banking job without any experience in the field?
You’ll be wasting your time if you don’t at least have some relevant analytical, research, and financial modeling experience.
The #1 thing investment banks look for on your resume is experience related to the job, like you’ll see below:
If you don’t have any, you better go get some before you apply. (and don’t forget to fix typos)
It’s probably the biggest piece of career advice I could give you.
First, identify which bucket you fall into:
#1: — You Have No Experience At All —
If you think you fall under this bucket, you’re probably a Freshman or Sophomore looking to break in as an investment banking analyst.
Your top two priorities should be networking for the future and getting relevant experience to help yourself stand out.
Unfortunately, it’s not like you can connect with a recruiter for a role like this.
Here’s how I would rank relevant experience:
- Previous Investment Banking Internship (can be big firms like Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, JP Morgan or boutique investment banks)
- Previous Analytical Based Internship (Hedge Fund/Private Equity, capital markets, research firm, anything where you are doing financial modeling, valuation, and analyzing companies)
- Completing the Invest Like The Street Analyst Program (we teach you how to do the job and give you internship experience )
- Being Part Of a Student Run Investment Fund (managing your University’s endowment)
- Participating in Major Stock Pitch Competitions Or Case Competition (these are fantastic to do and widely available)
Anything else like unrelated internships (think sales, operations based, corporate finance, etc) do not help at all.
Find a way to get one of those 5 above, or don’t bother wasting your time writing an investment banking cover letter with no experience under your belt.
#2: — You Have Previous Internship/Job Experience But It’s Unrelated —
This is probably the most common bucket. You have some work experience, but it’s completely unrelated
That means you need to utilize the Spin and Shine method .
Essentially it works like this:
You need to ‘spin’ your work experience and make it seem much more analytical and hands on.
For example, if you did administrative work all summer don’t tell me that . Focus on the maybe 5% of interesting work you did during the summer that might be related to investment banking.
Make everything you did seem analytical as possible and try and remove as much as you can related to boring sales, operations or administrative work.
#3: — You Have Some Relevant Experience —
If you’re in this bucket, good for you. When we get to writing the cover letter, you’re going to want to highlight that experience, even if it wasn’t directly investment banking related.
You went through our Invest Like The Street Analyst Program or got to participate in your school’s student run investment fund, you’ve had experience analyzing businesses, reading financial statements, building financial models and doing some valuation.
All of those are skills investment banks definitely look for.
#4: — You’ve Had Previous Investment Banking Experience —
Do I need to say much here?
You’re in the best position you can be. Good for you.
You Worrying About This Cover Letter Sample Instead Of Networking
Let’s be real for a second:
Do you really think investment bankers have time to read cover letters? Better yet: do you honestly think they care?
If you haven’t realized yet, you should be spending the majority of your time networking or working on your resume.
I’ve had plenty of really stupid friends get awesome jobs in banking.
Why? They were fantastic at networking.
Spending your time networking will dramatically increase the chances of you get a job in investment banking (or any other analyst job on Wall Street).
Unless you’re from an Ivy or have a great connection already, put 90% of your time into networking, not worry about a cover letter for investment banking.
You’re Applying At The Wrong Time
This is a mistake I see students make all the time.
They wait way too long.
If you really want to get into investment banking, you need to start early.
The best students I have worked with were completely well-versed in financial modeling, financial analysis, and valuation by the end of their Freshman year, NOT their Sophomore or Junior year.
That positions them to land a decent, somewhat related internship their Sophomore summer, and gives them some nice experience to highlight when they are applying for the big investment banking internships for Junior year.
This year, applications at the big bulge bracket banks opened in FEBRUARY.
If you’re playing your cards right, you should be ready to go by end of your first semester of Sophomore year (for Bulge Brackets) or early Fall (for everything else).
If you’re on schedule, great!
It’s much harder to get into investment banking without having that internship junior year. Most students are able to receive full time offers after that.
Otherwise, you better start networking like crazy.
Using The Same Cover Letter Example
Nothing is a bigger waste of time than using the same cover letter example for different companies and different jobs.
The whole point of a cover letter is to help yourself stand out and show an employer why you are the PERFECT fit, for THAT company, and THAT exact job.
Each investment banking cover letter needs to be personalized and each should show you’ve at least done SOME research on the company or bank.
We’ll get into this more in a little bit.
Spending More Time On The Cover Letter Than Your Resume
Let’s be real: your resume is 238923892 times more important than a cover letter if you’re trying to become an investment banking analyst.
If the structure of your resume sucks, you have the wrong keywords, or you just have no idea how to highlight what banks are interested in seeing, then don’t even bother with doing the cover letter right now.
Fix your resume first.
It doesn’t hurt to do the same with your LinkedIn as well.
You can literally learn how and steal our template by going here .
Here’s what you should focus on:
#1: — Highlighting Your Relevant Experience —
We already talked about this earlier, but I’ll repeat it one more time:
Make sure your relevant experience is front and center on your investment banking resume like this:
#2: — Utilize Sub-Bullets To Highlight Specific Things You Worked On —
This is something most students don’t utilize.
Sub-bullets are a great way to highlight deals you’ve worked on, companies you’ve researched, stocks you’ve pitch, etc.
It looks like this:
Ever watch a TV show where you get absolutely hooked within the first few minutes and then are desperate to keep watching and learn more?
That’s the concept you need to apply to your cover letter.
You gotta hook them.
That’s what makes a good cover letter.
Since the majority are probably from non-Ivy’s, most people won’t care about your school.
And please, with your cover letter writing, make sure to avoid any formatting issues, typos, or grammar mistakes.
So let’s take a look at an example:
What did we do?
#1 – Overshadowed the non-target with a name drop of someone we spoke to #2 – Mentioned a recent deal they worked on to show we did our research
It’s also a good idea to mention your location as well (New York, Boston, etc).
#1 – If you didn’t talk to anyone, try and find an interview of a managing director or someone high up. You can find those occasionally, and it still shows you’ve done your work. That being said, it’s still way better to put in the effort to try and get someone on the phone for 15-30 minutes and ask them smart questions about their career and day-to-day.
#2 – Make sure you have the right position specified (obviously)
At this point, you’ve hopefully grabbed the attention of whoever is reading your cover letter(if anyone since not many people actually read these things).
Now you need to stand out and how them exactly why YOU are a perfect fit for the investment banking position.
You do this by highlighting your previous experiences and why they are relevant to the job around the second paragraph.
By relevant experience, we can refer back to what I listed earlier:
- Previous Investment Banking Internship
- Previous Analytical Based Internship (Hedge Fund/Private Equity, research firm, anything where you are doing financial modeling, valuation and analyzing companies)
- Completing the Invest Like The Street Analyst Program (we teach you how to do the job and give you experience doing the work)
If you don’t have anything like that, you’re in rough shape and might want to consider our analyst program.
The trick is highlighting your analytical work.
They want to see modeling experience, financial analysis, valuation, etc.
They know most of these things are taught poorly in school so they are looking for an outside example of you having that type of analytical experience.
Or if you want to be ballsy, you can just copy this kid and admit you have no experience and a low GPA.
Let’s take a look at some examples
#1: — Already Had An Investment Banking Internship —
#2: — Experience Similar To An Internship —
Paragraph three basically rehashes everything you just mentioned in the last paragraph.
All you’re basically doing is telling them why you’re the perfect fit.
No rocket science here.
Take a look at the example below:
Don’t try and get fancy with your conclusion. Keep it simple, give your contact information (phone number, email) and finish up.
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Investment Banker Cover Letter Examples
Investment Bankers coordinate bank transactions clearing and settlement for a variety of clients. Essential duties of an Investment Banker include coordinating clerks, troubleshooting problems, collaborating with other bank divisions, finding ways to improve bank profitability, checking transaction reports, coordinating systems testing, advising clients on investment opportunities, and controlling operations for accuracy. This field is a very popular career choice and vacancies are occupied at a fast rate.
Not exactly what you are looking for? Check our complete library of over 1000 cover letter examples .
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For help with your resume, check out our extensive Investment Banker Resumes .
A good cover letter can make you stand out from the rest. Learn how to create one in our Cover Letter guide .
Include These Investment Banker Skills
- Financial expertise
- Self-drive and perseverance
- Computer proficiency and knowledge of relevant software
- Analytical thinking
- Adaptability and flexibility
- Good math skills and accuracy
- Problem-solving orientation
- Effective communication
The cover letter sample displayed beneath showcases relevant skills and abilities for this role.
Dear Mr. Webb:
As a highly accomplished investment and financial strategist/advisor with experience managing accounts, conducting productive client consultations, and implementing effective financial strategies, I am well prepared to surpass your expectations. With this in mind, I invite Lighthouse Financial to consider the enclosed resume as you look to fulfill the Investment Banker role.
Throughout my 15-year career, I have successfully managed a variety of client accounts, recommending products and researching investment opportunities to generate optimal rates of return and stimulate lasting partnerships. My demonstrated success in advising clients on customized, effective investment strategies—along with my expertise in diverse financial trends and tools—positions me to make a significant and positive impact on your firm.
Highlights of my experience include the following:
Raising and structuring equity and debt capital for both public and private companies across various industries while serving as a chief advisor regarding mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, due diligence, and additional strategic initiatives/projects.
Facilitating the buying and selling of companies—or company divisions’to other entities and/or private parties.
Expertise in a variety of financial vehicles, including investment options, mutual funds and stocks, retirement plans, benefits, mortgage, and general banking.
Deep understanding of all facets of the investment banking process, leveraging strong, cross-level partnerships to advance clients’financial objectives.
Talent for assessing client needs and goals and developing effective and successful financial strategies designed to maximize returns and drive business growth.
Confidence, motivation, and superior communication skills to secure and retain clients, drive business growth, and propel teams to peak performances.
With my background in overseeing a generous account base, combined with my inherent understanding of financial performances and issues, I am ready to provide outstanding service for Lighthouse Financial and look forward to discussing the position with you in further detail.
Brad M. McAndrew
A professional cover letter is the first step toward your new job!
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Free cover letter template to help you break into Investment Banking (IB)
Attached at the bottom of this post is the FREE investment banking cover letter template that is sometimes used for WSO cover letter review clients.
We have decided to make it free to help those of you that can't afford a more tailored service .
This cover letter template uses bullets to keep the points succinct and format easy to read .
You'll also notice that the header matches the WSO investment banking resume template format.
Investment Banking Cover Letter Template: Advice from the WSO Community
Here's what you need to know about the IB cover letters from our community.
CompBanker: The cover letter holds almost no weight, other than to put you at risk for being dinged. Make it very simple, very bland, and just say all the usual things. If you have mistakes in it or make outrageous claims, your cover letter will be circulated and laughed at.
Why Do Cover Letters Matter?
Like @CompBanker said, you won't get the interview with your cover letter .
Your goal for the cover letter isn't to single-handedly land you an interview with your eloquence and grandiose; it's to check the box and make sure it's proper enough that it doesn't get you dinged .
Less Is More for Cover Letters
Our users shared great input on why 'less is more' when it comes to cover letters.
bkm125: What you really want people to be looking at is the resume. The longer your cover letter is the larger the chance that you'll have a typo or say something stupid. Just tell them what job you're applying for, who you've been in touch with at the firm, and maybe a few sentences about your qualifications and lock up the deal with a solid resume.
K.I.S.S: Keep It Simple Stupid.
Mention who you've talked to at the firm , your interest in the job, your qualifications , and briefly (very briefly) explain any gaps in your resume .
Avoid excuses , more on this later.
Two or three paragraphs is all you need for that. Any more than that , and you're giving them potential reasons to ding you .
Here's some great advice from @blackice".
blackice: The best thing you can do is name drop people you have talked to. That way I know you have done your homework, and I can ask the person you talked to how your chat was. I think cover letters are better when they are focused on your past work experience as opposed to general and arbitrary sentiments about how you are a "hard worker and team player with a strict attention to detail".
If you've talked to someone at the firm and they'd remember you, DO namedrop them in your cover letter.
Common Cover Letter Mistakes
Here are some of the usual mistakes candidates make in their cover letter as mentioned by our member @qonnect.me.
This is an example of an excuse in a cover letter:
"I realize I have more professional experience in technology than in finance. I believe that was just due to bad luck due to graduating from my MBA program at the height of the 'Great Recession '. However, I am 100% committed and motivated to prove myself in a finance position."
Bad luck? No, it's the shitty and difficult-to-read resume , cover letter , and 'research reports' that are the issue .
What goes on in the recruiters head: I'm almost certain you would be a terrible employee just by the quality of the work you sent me in a cold email . You graduated from college 10 years ago, by the way. I remember at least a few of those as being pretty good years. If you were halfway decent, you could have squeaked in the industry in more than a few of those years.
Please do not pin all of your circumstance on luck , especially in a cover letter .
Even if the reader is a big believer in luck , you're telling him you're unlucky .
Who wants to hire someone who's unlucky? It seems the bad luck streak started in utero, if you ask us.
Revealing Your Ignorance:
Even worse than just plain ignorance, is the below quote from an attached research report that a candidate had written. Since he thought it was worth including, I assume the report was something he was proud of, but it was cringe-worthy.
"I am placing a STRONG BUY recommendation on [company]. ("ticker") and believe that [the company], at the current price of $10.00, trades at a 123% discount to my estimated fair market value of $22.30" (Both made up numbers to scale to the actual numbers listed in the 'report')
The report should have never been attached .
It made a weak applicant look even worse . He's clearly never done anything but 'book learn' on these subjects. It's painfully obvious by reading the report. He uses four valuation methodologies on the stock with the sole intention of showing that he knows more than one valuation method .
If you're thinking of including a research report on a company when you're cold emailing people, it's a high-risk strategy. Your research probably sucks unless you've been doing it professionally. If there is any doubt at all about including a 'research report', do not do it.
Side note: The research report had a lot of opinions and not a lot of facts, and it lacked connections between really basic facts about the current state of the business to the 'projections'.
The Hail Mary Cover Letter
If you don't think you have a chance to get the job, you can toss a Hail Mary with your cover letter .
Here's a cover letter an audacious undergrad used in an effort to stand out and grab the attention of its reader .
A big swing that's either a hit or miss . We don't recommend using this cover letter unless you lack the slightest chance of getting the interview in the first place.
Dear BLOCKED, My name is (BLOCKED), and I am an undergraduate finance student at (BLOCKED). I met you the summer before last at Smith & Wollensky's in New York when I was touring the east coast with my uncle, (BLOCKED). I just wanted to thank you for taking the time to talk with me that night. I am writing to inquire about a possible summer internship in your office. I am aware it is highly unusual for undergraduates from average universities like (BLOCKED) to intern at (BLOCKED), but nevertheless, I was hoping you might make an exception. I am extremely interested in investment banking and would love nothing more than to learn under your tutelage. I have no qualms about fetching coffee, shining shoes, or picking up laundry, and will work for next to nothing. In all honesty, I just want to be around professionals in the industry and gain as much knowledge as I can. I won't waste your time inflating my credentials, throwing around exaggerated job titles, or feeding you a line of crap (sic) about how my past experiences and skill set align perfectly for an investment banking internship . The truth is I have no unbelievably special skills or genius eccentricities, but I do have a near perfect GPA and will work hard for you. I've interned for Merrill Lynch in the Wealth Management Division and taken an investment banking class at (BLOCKED), for whatever that is worth. I am currently awaiting admission results for (BLOCKED) Masters of Science in Accountancy program, which I would begin this fall if admitted. I am also planning on attending law school after my master's program, which we spoke about in New York. I apologize for the blunt nature of my letter, but I hope you seriously consider taking me under your wing this summer. I have attached my resume for your review. Feel free to call me at (BLOCKED) or email at (BLOCKED). Thank you for your time. Sincerely, BLOCKED.
Interested in Investment Banking - Breaking In
If you want to break into investment banking, you need to be well-prepared for the technical aspects of the interview. We advise you to check out our Free Investment Banking Interview Guide first, before investing in our paid course , so that you have an idea of what to expect.
Two common mistakes that candidates make while recruiting for IB:
- Using phrasing like "After my summer analyst stint, I learned the entire deal execution process...", "I am extremely proficient in Excel and financial modeling ...", etc. You get the idea. Be confident, but don't over-emphasize anything out of the scope of your ability to speak to it.
- Not enough emphasis on teamwork. This is important. People should know that you are able to work with others. This is easy to incorporate, just give a brief two sentence overview of what your team structure was and why it made sense.
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- Investment Banking Interview Questions
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Sample cover letter for Internship position at JP Morgan
Investment banking analyst.
Dear Hiring Committee,
I am writing to you with regards to applying for the CIB Risk Analyst position and I am thrilled at the opportunity to present my portfolio for your consideration. I am strongly interested in the field of risk management and I am absolutely captivated by the idea of mastering this art at JP Morgan, the leading financial services company, especially after going over the very enlightening CIB risk challenges on JP Morgan’s website.
I am majoring in Financial Mathematics, and my background involves not only strong quantitative abilities, but also keen social acumen and excellent communication skills, which were further enriched through my extensive experience as a student assistant. Even though this work experience did not directly relate to financial field, it nevertheless became quite significant, since it helped me explore, grasp and apply the concepts of office ethics, as well as team building and leadership skills. By nature, I am a planner and would feel comfortable working on projects involving heavy time management and task coordination.
Thank you for your time and consideration. I am very excited about this internship and would greatly appreciate the opportunity to discuss my qualifications. You may contact me at your convenience.
Most individuals and businesses today have some type of banking account. Having a trusted financial service provider is important as it is a safe place to hold and withdraw earned income.
Mobile banking makes conducting transactions convenient even while on the go. As long as you have a smartphone, it’s possible to access mobile banking services anywhere in the world — if you have the right bank and app.
Banks are required to keep records of all accounts for a minimum of 5 years by law. Some banks may keep records longer, especially if they are electronic. In the event that personal banking records have been lost, banks have records of acco...
At most investment banks, cover letters that accompany resumes are barely read, if read at all. Applications are typically screened according to
Yes, cover letters are basically used to weed out people, not to select them. You can include some personal information such as an interesting student group
Below is a sample cover letter for an investment banking position. Jay Bird 5022 Western Avenue Chicago, IL 60648 312-555-1234 [email protected]
Follow the right cover letter format. · Address the bank hiring manager directly. · Start with a compelling intro statement. · Explain why you are
How to write a cover letter for investment banking · 1. Create an outline · 2. Begin with a salutation · 3. Introduce yourself and engage the
A cover letter, a document accompanying your resume, shows how your skills and experience meet the job
My Investment Banking Cover Letter is explained in this video. This cover letter got me interviews at Morgan Stanley, JP Morgan
The whole point of a cover letter is to help yourself stand out and show an employer why you are the PERFECT fit, for THAT company, and THAT
With my background in overseeing a generous account base, combined with my inherent understanding of financial performances and issues, I am ready to provide
Mention who you've talked to at the firm, your interest in the job, your qualifications, and briefly (very briefly) explain any gaps in your resume. Avoid
Dear Hiring Committee,. I am writing to you with regards to applying for the CIB Risk Analyst position and I am thrilled at the